Japanese English judo Dictionary

thank you
ashi leg, foot
ate hit, strike
atemi waza punching technique
awasete joined together
bushido way of the warrior

a penalty equivalent to a YUKO score

to a player's opponent

Dan (lit. Step) a black belt judo grade
de advance, advancing
do the Way' as in Judo- the Gentle Way
do 2 the trunk of the body

(lit. The Hall of the Way) a place

  where judo and other martial arts

are practiced.

domo arigato thank you very much
eri neckband, collar of the jacket
eri-katsu lapel method
fusen gachi win by non-appearance of a player's opponent
gaeshi to counter: sometimes spelt as KAESHI
gake hook, block
garami entangle, wrap
gatame (lit. To harden) in Judo it means to hold
go five, fifth
go 2 an ancient Japanese game
Gokyo no waza five groups of instruction
go no sen no waza counter throw
goshin jitsu self-defence
goshi/koshi hip
guruma wheel
gyaku reverse
hachi eight, eighth
hadaka bare or naked
hajime begin
hane spring or jump
hansoku foul; violation
hansoku gachi win by decision
hansoku make defeat by decision
hantei judgement
hantei gachi win by decision
hara gatame stomach lock
harai goshi hip sweep
harau to sweep
hata signal flag
henka waza change technique
hidari jigotai left defensive posture
hidari shizentai left natural posture
hikikomu to pull into
hikite sleeve hand; pulling hand
hikiwake a draw; a tie
hikkomi gaeshi pulling-down sacrifice throw
hiza gatame knee lock
hiza guruma knee wheel
idori kneeling or seated techniques
ippon one point; a complete point
ippon gachi a win by IPPON
ippon seoi nage one -armed shoulder throw
ippon shobu

(one point match) Here victory is determined

by the competitor who secures one point (IPPON).

All championships favour this type of contest

Itsutsu no Kata

The Five Form. A series of techniques demonstrated

together in a very formalized manner

jigo hontai staight defensive posture
jigotai defensive posture
jikan time
joshi judo Women's Judo

Lit. 'the way of softness and flexibility,' formulated

by Jigoro Kano.

judogi clothing worn to practise judo
judoka someone who practises judo
jujutsu Japanese self-defence art, the forerunner of judo
kaeshi waza counter techniques
kake the point where a throw takes effect
kansetsu waza locking techniques
kao face

form. A very formalized domontstration of

a set of judo techniques.

katsu resuscitation
keiko training, practice

warning. A penalty which gives the opponent a

WAZARI score in a judo contest


win due to opponent withdrawing during contest

because of injury

kime no kata forms of decision or actual fighting

"Institute for study of the way" Judo training hall,

the Mecca of judo in Tokyo

koshi waza hip techniques
koshi no kata Antique Form
kubi neckband, collar of the jacket
kumikata gripping, taking hold
kuzure From 'kuzureru', to fall, break
kyu nine, ninth

The lower grades of judo, below black belt (DAN).

This KYU/DAN system came from GO game

where the players are ranked

according to their talent in amateur (KYU) and

professional (DAN).

makikomi waza wrapping techniques
masutemi waza rear body-drop throws
ma-itta "I give up"

(from the verb 'MATSU', to wait. Wait!

  Referee's instruction

midori green
migi right (direction)
migi eri dori right-lapel hold
migi jigotai right defensive posture
migi shizentai right natural position
morote both hands, two handed
mune chest
nage throw. (from the word 'NAGERU', to throw)
nage no kata form of throws
nage waza throwing techniques
nami common, usual
nana seven, seventh
ne waza mat work (lit. Lying down techniques)
ni two, second
obi belt or sash
okuri sliding
osaekomi jikan hold down time
osaekomi waza pinning techniques
osaekomu to hold down
otoshi drop
randori free practice; free sparring
Randori no Kata Free Exercise Forms
rei respect, decorum
renraku waza combination techniques
renshu practice
roku six, sixth
ryu school
san three, third
sanbon shobu three-point match
sensei teacher,
seiza a kneelin position
seoi on the back
seoinage shoulder throw
shi four, fourth
shiai contest
shiai jikan match duration
shiaijo competition area
shichi seven, seventh
shido (lit. Guidance)
shihan master, teacher,
shiho four quarters
shime tighten (from the word 'SHIMERU', to strangle, to choke)
shime waza strangling techniques
shisei posture
shizen hontai straight natural posture
shizentai natural posture
sode sleeve hand; pulling hand
sogo gachi combined win
"Sono mama!"

("Hold position!") referee's word to freeze the

actions of the players during a contest

"Sore made!" ("Finished!") referee's word to end a contest
soto outer, outside
sukui scooping
sumi corner, angle
sutemi waza sacrifice techniques
tachi waza standing techniques
tai body
tani valey
tatami mat
tate length
te hand
te waza hand techniques
tekubi wrist

("Hold broken") referee's call to indicate that

a fighter has escaped from a hold down

tokui waza preferred or favourite techniques
tori doer, thrower
tsugi ashi shuffle stepping in KATA
tsukuri set up, breaking your opponent's balance
uchikomi repetition training
ude arm
uke "receiver"; the thrown
ukemi breakfall
uki float, floating
ura reserve
ushiro back, behind
utsuri to change
wakare division, separation
waza technique
waza-ari ("technique exist; near IPPON)
yama mountain
yoko side
yon four, fourth
yubi finger
yuko yuko, effektive. IJF Contest Rules, Article 24
yusei gachi win by superior perfomance
zarei kneeling or sitting bow (respect)