Muhammad Ali born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; 1942 – 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist. He is nicknamed "The Greatest" and is
widely regarded as one of the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century and as one of the greatest boxers of all time
The Greatest was not only one of the best heavyweights of all time, he was also one of the most colorful. He won the gold medal at the 1960 Olympics and went on to become the first boxer to
win the heavyweight title three times. Ali finished his career with a 56-5 record with 37 KOs. His most well-known fights include a trilogy with Joe Frazier including the "Thrilla in Manila"
and the "Rumble in the Jungle" against George Foreman.
ALI Muhhamad (
born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; 1942 – 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist. He is nicknamed "The Greatest" and is widely regarded as one of
the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century and as one of the greatest boxers of all time
After doing extensive research on Bruce Lee beyond many of the lies on Youtube and Google…
… I have discovered that Jhoon Rhee a renowned Forefather of American Taekwondo taught Muhammed Ali a specific punching technique. This technique was originally taught by Bruce to Jhoon whom
Bruce trained (its the Black Belt guy Bruce sends flying with a ‘generous-take-it-easy-on-him-not-a-full-power kick’):
Bruce Lee was a master of the ‘Art of War’ by Sun Tzu and was OK with people not knowing the truth. He was arrogant in his youth days ie early to mid 20s, but he did mature later and was fine
with no one knowing that he trained and sparred with certain big names such as Joe Lewis and Chuck Norris, whom he was superior to as his wife Linda Lee Cadwell saw Bruce spar and toy with both
of them simultaneously.
There was more racism in that period and it was seriously detrimental to a white American Kickboxer or a Heavyweight Boxer’s reputation to be taught advanced methods and also to be defeated in
sparring by someone who was half their size.
Bruce was in favour of developing boxing into his formless style, and according to Bey Logan, an avid researcher of Bruce Lee, he discovered that Lee had an undefeated boxing record in college
with 23 fights, 23 wins.
I have also discovered that Bruce sparred with Muhammed Ali’s bodyguard who was quoted as saying “Bruce was like a shadow who would appear and knock you out”.
Bruce sparred with the worlds best Martial Artists, yet the boxing world is also full of ‘politics’.
In my humble opinion, I find it difficult to believe that Bruce did not meet Muhammed Ali. In fact, its very possible he may have secretly sparred with various boxers. Bruce was obssessed with
constant evolution and regular practice.
He was not in favour of damaging people’s reputations, plus ancient Chinese tradition was that all challenges would be behind closed doors. So to me it is clear that Bruce really did spar with
That’s Jim Kelly, a four time world Karate Champion.
This is Jim Kelly with Muhammed Ali. Bear in mind Jim and Bruce were ‘close’ friends, in fact Bruce wanted to make Jim a senior teacher of Jeet Kune Do
Robert Baker was born in 1939c. in the USA. He is well known for playing Petrov in the Bruce Lee film The Chinese ConnectionHe was given the role of Petrov which was a part originally
intended for Bruce's assistant instructor in Oakland, James Yimm Lee. Due to illness, James was unable to play the part and so it was decided Baker would play it being the senior student at
the Oakland school and a close friend of Bruce. He did not enjoy the spotlight and was a quiet reserved man. He acted a few other martial arts films such as Meng long guo jiang Shuang long gu
and Machinegunner.After that, he disappeared from the film industry but appeared as himself in documentries of Bruce Lee.
Prior to his studies under James and Bruce Lee, Baker studied under Al Dasascos in Kajukenbo before beginning his studies at the Oakland school in the mid-1960's. Baker became a regular at
the school which was renown for its hard core training attitude. He became a close friend of Bruce and James and was considered the most senior student for several years.
Whilst Bruce was working in Hong Kong, Baker stayed with the Lee family for several weeks attending events and interviews with Bruce Lee. Bruce described him half-jokingly as his body-guard.
Baker was devastated by first James Lee's early death (due to cancer) and shortly afterwards, Bruce's death.
He never opened a commercial school and only trained a handful of people over the next 20 years believing what he had been taught wasn't suitable for commercial style classes. He adherence to
JKD principles was paramount and he disliked watered down variations of the art which he saw arising during the 1980's. One of his closest friends from the Oakland school was Howard Williams
who still teaches small classes of Jeet Kune Do in the Oakland area close to where it was developed.
His students included Bruce Lee historian George Tan and UK instructor Roy Cullen. He also worked with Howard Williams and James Lee's son, Greglon.
Robert Baker died in 1993 due to cancer
Whenever an iconic person dies, a wealth of stories inevitably pour out and help us as we attempt to create a lasting image of that person. Muhammad Ali, without a doubt, falls into that "iconic" category, so there have been tons of stories about him circulating since his death on Friday. The world is mentally preparing for Ali's funeral in Louisville, Ky. on Friday, but before it takes place, there are
going to be a lot of great Ali stories that are told.
Laila Ali and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar have told a couple of excellent stories about Ali thus
far, but one of our favorites comes to us courtesy of Mass Appeal, which dug
up an old Ali tale from the 1970s. The story actually comes from the 1987 book, The Making of Enter the Dragon, and it features Enter the Dragon director Robert Clause
talking about what Bruce Lee told him once while the two were filming their 1973 movie. At that time, there were many people who debated about what would happen if Ali crossed paths with Lee.
Some people thought Lee would be able to dominate Ali in a fight, while others argued Ali would knock Lee out easily. According to Clause, Lee considered both sides of the argument and even
practiced fighting Ali by using a full-length mirror. His conclusion? He probably wouldn't have stood a chance.
POST CONTINUES BELOW
Here is an excerpt from the book:
Another time Yeung, aka [Bolo] went to see Bruce at Golden Harvest Studios. Bruce was screening a Cassius Clay [Muhammad Ali] documentary. Ali was world heavyweight champion at the time and
Bruce saw him as the greatest fighter of them all. The documentary showed Ali in several of his fights. Bruce set up a wide full-length mirror to reflect Ali’s image from the screen. Bruce
was looking into the mirror, moving along with Ali.
Bruce’s right hand followed Ali’s right hand, Ali’s left foot followed Bruce’s left foot. Bruce was fighting in Ali’s shoes. “Everybody says I must fight Ali some day.” Bruce said, “I’m
studying every move he makes. I’m getting to know how he thinks and moves.” Bruce knew he could never win a fight against Ali. “Look at my hand,” he said. “That’s a little Chinese hand. He’d
For the record, Lee was 5-foot-7 and 145 pounds, while Ali was 6-foot-3 and more than 200 pounds during their respective heydays. So yeah, Lee was probably right. But more than 40 years later,
Lee vs. Ali is still a debate that people love to have.
Martin Judo Thomas“I think it was John Saxon who asked Bruce if he could beat Ali, and Bruce laughed, “Have you seen the size of his fists? They are
bigger than my head,” said Matthew Polly, author of “Bruce Lee: A Life.”
“The story might be apocryphal, as it indicates a self-deprecating sense of humor, which was not Bruce’s forte,” Polly continued. “That’s why I didn’t include it in my book. But
you can throw it with that caveat.”
Polly is a man of honor. So he suggested we also contact Ali’s biographer, Jonathan Eig, author of “Muhammad Ali: A Life.” Eig’s response was swift.
“Street fight? No rules? Ali kills him. Ali’s twice the size of Lee,” he said.
Boxing is a sport that has been around for thousands of years, becoming an official Olympic event in 688 B.C. There is even evidence of boxing occurring in ancient Egypt. Modern day sport
boxing involves two athletes punching each other with padded gloves, trying to knock their opponent down and out. These fights usually last three to twelve rounds, with each round usually lasting
The fans' top 5 greatest boxers of all time
Muhammad Ali. The Greatest was not only one of the best heavyweights of all time, he was also one of the most colorful. ...
Sugar Ray Robinson. Robinson was 85-0 as an amateur with 69 of those victories coming by way of knockout, 40 in the first round. ...
Rocky Marciano. ...
Joe Louis. ...
Mercedes Benz SL
16. Red Mercedes Benz AX6521 ------ Both Bruce and Betty like owning sporty cars as well as driving fast cars. One day, Bruce was startled to see a new ‘S’ series gold Mercedes Benz parked right
outside GH studio. He was keen to know from Raymond Chow who was the car owner with such great taste. Betty appeared in front of him abruptly. She told him she had just bought this new car and
asked if he was interested to try it. Bruce snatched the car keys and straight away drove off for a spin with Betty and Raymond. Half way through the spin, he stopped the car by the roadside.
Bruce said he was thirsty and Raymond volunteered to get some drinks from a convenient store. Immediately after Raymond got down from the car, Bruce drove off with Betty. 3 days later, Bruce
bought a new ‘S’ series red Mercedes Benz AX6521. Both his red Benz and Betty’s gold Benz parked side by side outside the GH studio. They became the center of attention from all the passersby.
Although Betty bought the ‘S’ series slightly earlier but her car license was registered later than Bruce. Thus, Bruce became the first person to officially owned that new series in HK.
Jackie Chan, originally Chan Kong-sang, (born April 7, 1954, Hong Kong), Hong Kong-born Chinese stuntman, actor, and
director whose perilous acrobatic stunts and engaging physical humour made him an action-film star in Asia and helped to bring kung fu movies into the mainstream of American cinema.
Chan was born to impoverished parents in Hong Kong. The family moved to Canberra, Australia, when Chan was six, but the following year his parents sent him back to Hong Kong to
attend a strict boarding school that trained students for jingxi. From ages 7 to 17 he studied acrobatics,
singing, martial arts, and mime—skills that launched him into a position with a professional tumbling troupe and landed him bit roles as a child actor and, later, as a stuntman. The
independent film producer Lo Wei, hoping to find a successor to the late Bruce Lee, cast him in a
series of lacklustre kung fu movies in 1976–78. Rather than ape Lee’s gritty persona, Chan utilized his own form of bumbling physical comedy in his first successful films, Snake
in the Eagle’s Shadow (1978) and Drunken Master (1978).
Chan made his directorial debut in Young Master (1980), with the production company Golden Harvest, which he subsequently helped transform into Hong Kong’s largest movie
conglomerate. In the early 1980s, at the time when he was making an unsuccessful foray into English-language cinema, he moved beyond traditional martial arts period movies to modern
action-adventure films, such as Project A (1983) and Police Story (1985), along with their sequels. The films showcased his directorial talent for fight and stunt
choreography. His own stunts were often extraordinarily dangerous; he nearly perished from a fall in Armour of God (1986) that fractured his skull and impaired his hearing.
In the 1990s Chan finally broke through into the American market. He received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the cable network MTV in 1995, and the following year his blockbuster Rumble in the Bronx (1995) was released in the United States, along with some of his other classic Hong Kong
titles. Chan starred alongside American comedian Chris Tucker in Rush Hour (1998), which enjoyed a great deal of success and launched two sequels (2001 and 2007).
Chan continued to work both within the Hollywood system (though he disliked the limitations it placed on actors) and in Hong Kong cinema. In the United States he appeared in such films as
Shanghai Noon (2000), The Tuxedo (2002), The Forbidden Kingdom (2008), and The Spy Next Door (2010). Chan starred in a remake of the 1984 action-drama The
Karate Kid (2010) and later in the revenge thriller The Foreigner (2017). He did voice work in the computer-animated film Kung Fu Panda (2008) and its sequels (2011 and
2016); The Nut Job 2: Nutty by Nature (2017); and The LEGO Ninjago Movie (2017). His Chinese-language movies include Xin jing cha gu shi (2004; New Police
Story), Bo bui gai wak (2006; Baby), and Xinhai geming (2011; 1911), a historical drama in which he starred as Chinese revolutionary Huang Xing. In 2016 Chan became
the first Chinese actor to receive an honorary Academy Award, which recognized his “distinctive international
Enter the Dragon
Enter the Dragon is a 1973 martial artsaction film produced by and starring Bruce Lee. The film, which co-stars John Saxon and Jim Kelly, was directed by Robert Clouse. It would be Bruce Lee's final completed film appearance before his death on 20 July 1973 at age 32. A joint American and Hong Kong
production, it premiered in Los Angeles on 19 August 1973, one month after Lee's death and went on to gross US$90 million worldwide, equivalent to US$508 million adjusted for inflation.
To celebrate the movie's the 25th Anniversary, 10 minutes originally not shown in the US version (but shown in the Chinese version) were restored, although it said only 3 minutes on the box.
According to Linda Lee Cadwell, Bruce Lee's widow, this is the uncut version. Also included is "Bruce Lee: In his own words," the original theatrical trailer, a special "Behind the Scenes: The
Filming of 'Enter the Dragon'" documentary, and never before seen photos.
In the UK, the film was passed 'X' by the BBFC with cuts for the cinema release in 1973. 5 cuts were made to violence including the removal of the broken bottle attack at the end of the
Lee/Oharra fight. In 1979, the film was recalled so that a sequence in which Bruce Lee twirls and uses nunchaku could be deleted, along with another sequence in which nunchaku were seen being
carried. In 1988 the video version was passed '18' with 1 minute 45 seconds cut. Three of the five violence cuts made in 1973 were waived but two were maintained (the first cut is to an offscreen
neckbreak - this version cuts away just as Bolo crouches to jerk and snap a poor sap's spine. The second cut occurs when Bolo cradles the final opponent in order to slowly break his back - the
process and sound effect of this act had been shortened). The cuts to nunchakus implemented in 1979 were repeated for video. However, in 1991 the Board modified its policy so that the weapon was
no longer removed on sight. After 1991 a number of representations of nunchaku were passed but only when they were not actually in use. The video of "Enter the Dragon" was resubmitted again in
1993 for widescreen release. This time the two remaining violence cuts were waived, as was the brief sight of nunchaku being carried, in accordance with the new policy. The only cut made this
time was to sight of Bruce Lee twirling and briefly using the nunchaku (21 seconds cut). "Enter the Dragon" was resubmitted in its uncut form in 2001 and, in accordance with the BBFC's revised
policy, has now been passed '18' without cuts.
Bruce Lee used to carry a .357 Magnum. When people everywhere want to fight you to prove themselves, you fear for your safety. Anyone with half a brain would be cautious, so
Bruce carried a gun. Jesse Glover confirms that he was a crack shot!
HASHIMOTO CHIKARA ,(はしもと りき Hashimoto Riki), 1933 – 2017, also known as
Riki Hashimoto (はしもと りき Hashimoto Riki), was a Japanese professional baseball player (1953-1958) and actor as Hiroshi Suzuki in the 1972 Bruce Lee movie Fist of Fury. The sto itself made fools of
the Japanese. Hashimoto continued acting into the early 1970's, and became perhaps most well-known for his role as Hiroshi Suzuki in the 1972 film Fist of Fury, starring Bruce Lee.
Despite the film having Japanese antagonists, the film was a success when it released in Japan on 20 July 1974, becoming the year's seventh highest-grossing film with ¥600 million (US$5.43 million) in distribution income
Hashimoto played baseball for Mainichi Orions from 1953. He was forced to retire in 1958 following an injury, and then joined Deiei Studios. As an actor, he is known for his roles as Daimajin in
the 1960s film.
There are films of him sparring and training, those are the best filmed representation of his actual fighting prowess and what sort of techniques he tended to use (Not a whole lot really, he was
more about stripping things down than collecting techniques.) and some Judo-like throws are used but he also was into wrestling, there are throws in many Gung Fu styles and Judo has no monopoly
I do think he was also friends with Haward Nishoika and Wally Jay, so between Gene LeBell, them and maybe where ever that clip was from, he was worthy of a shodan? Maybe he beat a few shodans in
Randori at that dojo and they gave it to him? Even if not a shodan his atributes and skills would make him a handfull and can help him to victory if his skils work
in the ruleset.
CK's sexcellent points leave out that in some elements of Lee's screen fights, he wanted less than optimal teachnique sometimes as that's what happens in
fights. You see him do it with some punches and kicks as well.
Was a huge fan of his growing up and then I read about (and read) Draeger and other impressive people who also walked that path became more apparent.
In both Dynamic Jujitsu and Small Circle Jujitsu, Wally Jay discusses his relationship with Bruce Lee, starting in 1962. Both books were written after Bruce Lee died, (1981 and 1989
respectively). In neither book is there any mention of Bruce having a black belt, so it seems reasonable to assume he didn't get it from Wally Jay. According to Gene LeBell, Bruce trained with
him off and on for about a year. So it would seem the black belt didn't come from him. When Bruce was in Seattle, he never trained at any of the local judo dojos, but would have judokas come to
his dojo. So we can assert he didn't get a black belt in Seattle. His Hong Kong years have been thoroughly covered, and I have never seen a mention of anything other than Wing Chun being
mentioned. So it is pretty safe to assume he didn't come to America as a judo black belt.
The video you posted has been discussed and debated for about 5 years. In that time, no one credible has stepped forward and said they gave Bruce his judo belt. Why not? Any association with
Bruce is money in the bank for a martial arts instructor. We have a local "kung fu" instructor who advertises his lineage to Bruce Lee while omitting the actual instructor he learned from (James
Again, in the 45 years since Bruce Lee died, no one has claimed to have awarded him a black belt. His major grappling influences (Wally Jay and Gene LeBell) both acknowledge training with him and
exchanging info, but neither awarded him a belt. If you want to believe that the most discussed, dissected and analysed martial artist in history was somehow able to train in judo long enough for
him to be awarded a black belt, while keeping same hidden from his good friends, go ahead. I will let common sense dictate my beliefs.
Just a thought, maybe he got his belt in the time honored tradition of batsugan? Beat a black belt and be awarded same. Great. So who did he beat at a competition, and who awarded the belt? It
would mean that Bruce had actually competed. Yet no one has ever said they have seen Bruce at a shiai. You would think there would be witnesses. Just like there would be fellow students who would
be bragging about either being beaten by or better yet beating Bruce Lee in judo. Where are they? Crickets.
Krishnamurti, Jiddu (1895-1986)
Krishnamurti was born in India. In April 1909 Krishnamurti first met Charles Webster Leadbeater, who claimed clairvoyance. Leadbeater had noticed Krishnamurti on the Society's beach on the Adyar
river, and was amazed by the "most wonderful aura he had ever seen, without a particle of selfishness in it." In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this
mantle and withdrew from the Theosophy organization behind it. Krishnamurti said he had no allegiance to any nationality, caste, religion, or philosophy, and spent the rest of his life travelling
the world, speaking to large and small groups and individuals. He wrote many books.
At Ojai in August and September 1922, Krishnamurti went through an intense 'life-changing' experience. This has been variously characterised as a spiritual awakening, a psychological
transformation, and a physical reconditioning. The initial events happened in two distinct phases: first a three-day spiritual experience, and two weeks later, a longer-lasting condition that
Krishnamurti and those around him referred to as the process. This condition recurred, at frequent intervals and with varying intensity, until his death.
His last public talk was in Madras, India, in January 1986, a month before his death at his home in Ojai, California. His supporters — working through non-profit foundations in India, Great
Britain and the United States — oversee several independent schools based on his views on education. They continue to transcribe and distribute his thousands of talks, group and individual
discussions, and writings by use of a variety of media formats and languages.
Lam Ching Ying was born Lam Gun Bo on December 27 1952
After two years of apprenticeship he switched over to a new budding studio
of Golden Harvest. His good old acquaintance Sammo Hung worked there, though their fate haven't totally entwined yet, as Ching Ying got a personal invitation from Bruce Lee himself to work
for him as a stuntman and actor in his new film called The Big Boss.
Lee, James Yimm
James Lee was born in Oakland, California. During high school, he practiced much weight training, bodybuilding, hand balancing, and acrobatics. In 1938-9, Lee was on the Oakland
YMCA weightlifting team and won the Northern California Championship in the 132 pound division. Although he had an avid talent for drawing and art, James began a career in welding and worked in
the Pearl Harbor shipyards in Hawaii as a civilian. While in Hawaii, Lee began studying Judo at the Okazaki Gym with Bill Montero and Sydney Yim and also competed in a few amateur boxing
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, James Lee returned to Oakland and continued welding until he entered the Army and was stationed in the Philippines, during which time he became infected with
malaria and dysentery. His condition became so serious that he was actually shipped to the death ward, but he continued to fight the disease and overcame it. James Lee was a fighter at heart, his
most profound quality. In April, 1946 he was discharged and after returning home, Lee begain weight training again for the illness caused him to go from 158 pounds to 116.（He had a thirty percent
disability but never tried to exploit it）
He continued to regain his strength and picked up his martial arts training when he studied Sil Lum Gung Fu under T.Y. Wong in San Francisco for four years. James became known for his iron
hand/palm training and would routinely perform his specialty at public demonstrations: breaking ten bricks with his bare hands（which were not scarred or calloused, but soft and smooth）. In
1957-8, he authored, published, and distributed（by mail order through his own company, Oriental Book Sales）a book series "Modern Kung-Fu Karate: Iron, Poison Hand Training."
James first heard about Bruce Lee when Robert, James' older brother, told him about how Bruce was teaching a cha-cha class (while visiting from Seattle) and that he was good in Chinese Gung-Fu.
Wally Jay and Allen Joe also informed James about Bruce's prowess as a fighter. In 1962, they met after one of Bruce's dance lessons and they hit it off immediately, meeting as often as they
could to train and talk. In late 1962, James visited Bruce in Seattle for further training and seriously considered relocating permanently to study with Bruce. But due to other family
obligations, James had to put that idea on hold.
When James' wife, Katherine, died in 1964, Bruce and Linda Lee moved to Oakland to stay with James and his children. James helped Bruce Lee publish his first book, "Chinese Gung-Fu: The
Philosophical Art of Self-Defense." They opened a school in Oakland but later moved it to James' garage since the school was not a commercial success. After Bruce moved to Los Angeles in 1966,
James continued to teach in his garage. In 1972, James published his last book, "Wing Chun Kung Fu," with Bruce as the book's Technical Editor.
James conducted four classes, during the evenings after work. There was a weekend class in which students came as far as eighty miles away. James was simple and direct with his students: no
beating around the bush or attempts to woo them or seek visual/verbal gratitude from them. All he wanted was to train hard and often, try the best one could do without any explanation, and treat
each other with due respect, behaving as gentlemen. He constantly told his students to pay attention since James disliked repeating himself when giving instructions. Students were on probation
which meant that they could be released if they were a detriment to James or the class. He was a very patient teacher as long as the student put out their best effort. He neither watered down not
diluted his teaching methods. Class ran smoothly and efficiently, deliberate and constant in both physical and mental energy. Students would occasionally be allowed to rest, but at the end, they
knew they had been through a complete workou
Lee, James (1962). Modern Kung-Fu Karate: Iron Poison Hand Training, Book 1 (Break Brick in 100 Days) (4th edition (April 1990) ed.). ABRAMS Publishing. ISBN 978-0-317-02839-3.
Lee, James (1972). Wing Chun Kung-Fu (First ed.). Ohara Publications. ASIN B0006C4USK.
Bruce Lee : between Wing Chun and Jeet Kune Do, Jesse Glover
Black Belt Magazine, Meet...the Man who Helped Make Bruce Lee a Success
Le Bell, James
Bruce Lee trained in grappling with famous stuntman and Judo legend Gene LeBell. He also grappled in many movies.
Gene LeBell (1932-) is truly a Judo legend. In 2000, the United States Ju-Jitsu Federation (USJJF) promoted him to 9th Dan in jujitsu and taihojutsu. On August 7, 2004, the World Martial Arts
Masters Association promoted LeBell to 10th Degree and in February 2005, he was promoted to 9th Dan in Traditional Judo by the USJJF
LeBell has worked on over 1,000 films, TV shows and commercials as a stuntman or as an actor (including multiple appearances as himself.) LeBell appeared in three Elvis Presley movies as a minor
character who starts a fight with the character played by Presley. In addition he also worked on the set of the Green Hornet TV show, in which he claims to have developed a friendship with Bruce
Lee. According to Lebell’s claim, Lee was especially interested in exploring grappling with help from him and exchanged ideas on various fighting techniques.
I met Bruce Lee for the first time during the filming of the TV show The Green Hornet, on which he played a butler. He was a nice fellow. The stunt coordinator hired me, and I worked on quite
a few episodes. During that time, I was able to get to know Bruce a little bit, and we even worked out together. He was the best martial artist of his time.
Bruce and I had a bond with the martial arts, and we would get together frequently. We worked out about 10 to 12 times at his place in Los Angeles’ Chinatown and at my place.
When I went to his place, he showed me what he did, and I showed him what I did. Although he seemed to love the finishing holds of grappling, it just wasn’t commercially attractive at the
time. Actually, it was because of my grappling and tumbling background that I was hired to do the television show — because I could take falls for Bruce.
Bruce Lee was an entertaining fellow who was very knowledgeable and very good at what he did. People may wonder just how good a martial artist he was. Well, as I said earlier, he was the best
of his time. Also, many of his former students are doing very well today. That’s a sign that he was a good martial artist and that he was able to make his students into good martial artists.
Bruce developed and performed his own style of kung fu, and a lot of the traditional guys didn’t like it because it broke from Chinese tradition. I know what that is like because I had the
same trouble when I tried to improve different martial arts by changing things for the better. I believe that anytime you can have an open mind and learn something new, then add it to your
repertoire, it’s a good thing. It will only make you and your students more knowledgeable.
LeBell has authored at least twelve books, including:
The Handbook of Judo: An Illustrated Step-by-Step Guide to Winning Sport Judo by Gene LeBell and Lauri C. Coughran. 1962, 1963, 1969, 1971, 1975, 1996.
Your Personal Handbook of Self-defense by Gene LeBell. 1964, 1976.
Judo and Self-defense for the Young Adult by Gene LeBell. 1971.
Pro-Wrestling Finishing Holds by "Judo" Gene LeBell. 1985, 1990.
Grappling Master: Combat for Street Defense and Competition by Gene LeBell. 1992.
Gene LeBell's Handbook of Self-Defense by Gene LeBell. 1996.
Gene LeBell - The Grappling Club Master by Gene LeBell, Ben Springer, and Steve Kim. 1999.
Grappling and Self-Defense for the Young Adult by Gene LeBell and Bob Ryder. 2002.
How to Break Into Pro Wrestling: "Judo" Gene LeBell's Insider Guide to the Biz by Gene Lebell and Mark Jacobs. 2003.
Gene LeBell's Grappling World: The Encyclopedia of Finishing Holds by Gene LeBell. 1998, 2000(2nd expanded edition), 2005(3rd edition).
The Godfather of Grappling (authorised biography of LeBell) by "Judo" Gene LeBell, Bob Calhoun, George Foon, and Noelle Kim. 2005
Lee Hoi Chuen (1901-1965)
A famous Cantonese opera singer and film actor, Lee Hoi-Chuen was born in Jun’an, Guangdong on 4 February 1901, he moved to Hong Kong and became a Cantonese Opera actor. He was the father of
Bruce Lee, the father-in-law of Linda Lee Caldwell, and also the paternal grandfather of Brandon Lee and Shannon Lee.
His life as a star and performer greatly influenced the lives of both his sons, turning them into indelible and successful superstars. Hoi-Chuen worked in more than seventy films spanning thirty
years of his acting career. Some of his earlier films include ‘Robbing the Dead’, ‘Christams Tree’ and ‘Hundreds of Birds Adoring a Phoenix’. Towards the prime of his career, he was signed for
several movies, almost working in five to six films simultaneously. Hoi-Chuen breathed his last in 1965, a couple of days after his sixty-fourth birthday. His last few performances were in the
films – ‘The Idiot Husband’, ‘Black Punch 4000’ and Ong Bak 4’. In a Posthumous film ‘My Brother’; Tony Leung Ka-fai played the character of Hoi-Chuen. The film was produced by his youngest son,
Childhood, Family and Educational Life
Lee Hoi-Chuen, by name of Lee Moon-shuen (李滿船), was born Lee Moon Shuen on 4th February 1901 at Shangcunzhen, Guangdong, China. His father was Hou-Chen Lee and he grew up with his elder brother,
(Lee Hoi-Chuen with his wife and baby Bruce Lee)
Lee Hoi-Chuen began his own family after marrying the gorgeous Grace Lee Ho and thereafter moved to Hong Kong. They had their first son on 23rd October 1939 and named him Peter Jung Sum Lee. The
following year they traveled to San Francisco on a US tour for a Cantonese Opera Company. In 1940, while on tour, Grace gave birth to their second child who eventually grew up to become a famous
martial art actor, Bruce Jun Fan Lee, better known as Bruce Lee.
When Bruce was three months old, the couple returned to their home town in Hong Kong. Eight years later on 16th December 1948, Grace and Hoi-Chuen were blessed with their third son, Lee Jun-Fai.
He later came to be known as the lead vocalist of ‘The Thunderbirds’ band.
Career and Works
In his early twenties, Lee Hoi-Chuen took a keen interest in theatre and operas. Blessed with a powerful voice and a classic vocal range, he was recruited into some of the most famous opera
concerts and became an integral part of the industry.
With theatres and opera houses filling up owing to his talent, he met with Christine Marcella DeVillier and signed a management deal with her. What followed was a gradual entry into films and art
Hoi-Chuen was a born performer and bagged a debut role in the Cantonese film ‘Robbing the Dead’ in 1939. He was cast in a supporting role in the film and acted alongside Li Haiquan, Lin Meinei,
and Zhu Puquan. The film was directed by Feng Zhigang.
Around the time of the birth of Robert Lee, offers for films began pouring in for the Cantonese actor. In 1947, he worked in three hit movies ‘Christmas Tree’, ‘Hundreds of Birds Adoring a
Phoenix’ and ‘Feed the Scholar’.
In 1948, Hoi-Chuen worked in ‘Wealth Is like a Dream’, ‘A Golden World’, ‘Five Rascals in the Eastern Capital Part 1 & 2’ and ‘The Outstanding One’ amongst many other films.
The following year he played Smallpox Hoi in ‘Full Happiness’, a fortune teller in ‘Trashy Heaven’, Chun Pak-Cheung in ‘Golden Turtle from Hell’ and Cheung Si-Ma in ‘Loosing the Red Sack’.
Hoi-Chuen became a famous actor by 1950 working in almost all hit films. He was cast in the King-fu colored movie ‘How Ten Heroes of Guangdong Slew the Dragon’ and took a guest and supporting
roles in ‘The Story of Tung Siu-Yen’ and ‘Life’s Blessing Complete.
In 1950, his performance was appreciated for his role as Hung Pak-Ho in ‘The Kid’, Chiang Ping in the film ‘The Haunt of the Eastern Capital’ and for the movie ‘The Net of Justice’. In the next
six years from 1951 to 1957 Hoi-Chuen was cast in some of the most memorable and critically acclaimed Cantonese movies, ranging from the comedy/ historical drama ‘A Great Hero of Many Blunders’
to the super hit kung-fu movie ‘Martyrs of Ming’.
Though he became an important part of the film industry, Hoi-Chuen never gave up his theatre roots. Hoi-Chuen continued to perform at opera concerts past his middle-age and worked in films as
well. Before retiring from the film industry, he acted in several blockbusters Cantonese movies. In 1958, he played ‘Kong’ the father of the lead actor in ‘The Petal-Spraying Fairy’ and was also
seen in the movies ‘Heartbreak Plaque’, ‘A Buddhist Recluse for 14 years’ and ‘The Carp Spirit’.
In 1959, Hoi-Chuen starred in the hit films ‘Wu Song Fights the Tiger’, ‘The Lotus’ Story’, ‘Story of the Wronged Wife’, ‘Funny Misunderstandings’ and ‘Three Attempts to Steal the Cup of the Nine
Dragons’. The next year, he reduced his movie count to only three films, which were ‘The Orphan’s Adventure’, ‘The Idiot Husband’ and the action film ‘Black Punch 4000’ and last starred in the
kung-fu film ‘Ong Bak 4’ in 1962.
Lee Hoi-Chuen died of heart attack in Hong Kong on the 7th of February, 1965, three days after his 64th birthday and six days after the birth of his grandson Brandon Lee. He was buried at St.
Raphael’s Catholic Cemetery at Cheung Sha Wan in Kowloon. His body was taken to Seattle, United States of America, and buried at the ‘Lake View Cemetery’ in King County, Washington. His son,
Bruce Lee, and grandson, Brandon Lee, have also been buried near his grave.
His body was taken to Seattle, United States of America, and buried at the ‘Lake View Cemetery’ in King County, Washington. His son, Bruce Lee, and grandson, Brandon Lee, have also been buried
near his grave.
Lee Keasler (2003)
Wren Lee Keasler is the grand daughter of late martial art macho Bruce Lee. She was born in May 21, 2003 in Los Angeles, California, United States
to father Anthony Ian Keasler and mother Shannon Lee.
Linda Lee Cadwell ( Emery; March 21, 1945) is an American teacher, best known as the widow of martial arts master and actor Bruce Lee.
She was born in Everett, Washington, the daughter of Vivian R. (Hester) and Everett Emery. Her family was Baptist and of Swedish, Irish, and English descent. She met Bruce Lee while she was
attending Garfield High School, where Bruce came to give a kung fu demonstration; he was attending the University of Washington at the time. Eventually, she became one of his kung fu students
when she was attending the University of Washington, studying to become a teacher.
She took lessons from Lee while attending college. They married on August 17, 1964. Linda was a few credits short from graduation. They had two children, Brandon Lee (1965-1993) and Shannon Lee
(1969-). Bruce Lee had opened his own kung fu school at the time and was teaching Wing Chun, which would later serve as the basis for Jeet Kune Do. He died suddenly on July 20, 1973.
After his death, she moved to LA and in 1998. Cadwell married Tom Bleecker in 1988. However, their marital relationship lasted 2 years and divorced in 1990.
She later married stockbroker Bruce Cadwell in 1991. The happy couple resided in Rancho Mirage, California.
Her only son Brandon Lee was an American actor and martial artist who died in an accident on a movie set in 1993. Brandon Lee died in a shooting accident on a movie set while
filming The Crow on March 31, 1993, 19 years after his father's death.
Her daughter Shannon Lee is also an actress, martial artist, and businesswoman. Shannon has been married to Anthony Ian Keasler since 1994.
Cadwell has continued to promote Bruce Lee's martial art Jeet Kune Do. She retired in 2001, and her daughter Shannon (who now heads the Lee family estate), together with son-in-law Ian Keasler,
run the Bruce Lee Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to teaching Bruce Lee's philosophy on martial arts and his writing on philosophy.
While Bruce’s library contained thousands of volumes, they were primarily centered in a handful of genres: philosophy (the vast majority), martial arts (and other fighting disciplines), and
self-help. Below is but a sampling of Bruce’s favorite authors and most interesting titles.
Bruce As a youngster, he earned a nickname which translates to “never sits still.” And yet there was one thing that could calm him down and hold his attention for
hours on end: comic books (especially of the kung-fu variety). From there, he graduated into reading Chinesewuxia— what calls “sword-and-sorcery martial arts novels.”
His spare time was consumed with reading and frequenting bookstores — before kung fu took hold of his life, he even dreamed of
owning a used bookstore himself. Even though he had a great relationship with books, he was a pretty terrible student at school. Polly notes he was “a particularly poor student, one of the worst
in his class,” even getting expelled once. Like many notable men throughout history, an aptitude for reading did not mean an excellence or even an interest in compulsory
It was during college — as is the case for many of us — that Lee’s mind was opened up to new ideas
and subjects. Even though he didn’t graduate, Lee took classes in philosophy and psychology that particularly piqued his interests (neither of those were his major — which was drama — but he
interestingly later claimed that he studied philosophy in school). He would not only read, but copiously take notes, add neat underlining (sometimes even using a ruler) and marginalia, and
transcribe his favorite passages into notebooks. He was not a mere consumer of texts, but actively engaged and wrestled with new ideas,
After college, reading became part of his regular daily routine. He never held a true 9-5 job, so his days were pretty free to be whatever he made them. In the
mornings, he’d work out, running and doing a certain number of kicks, jabs, punches, etc. The afternoons were reserved for either reading or making social calls. And in the evening, he’d spend
time with his family, lift weights a few times a week, or continue his reading. He cultivated both mind and body,every single day.
While he read broadly his whole life, there were periods of time where he dove deeply into a single topic, looking to achieve mastery, gain inspiration, and come
up with new ideas. When developing his signature kung fu style — called jeet kune do — he devoured not only martial arts titles, but also hoards of fencing and boxing theory, combining ideas
from multiple disciplines. Like all innovations, his kung fu was not born spontaneously from his head, but through an amalgamation of ideas from the course of physical exercise and self-defense
by St. Thomas Aquinas
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
by David Hume
Meditations on First Philosophy
by Rene Descartes
The Undiscovered Self
by Carl Jung
On Becoming a Person
by Carl Rogers
The Works of Bertrand Russell
The Works of Plato
Art of Worldly Wisdom
by Baltasar Gracian
Hero With a Thousand Faces
by Joseph Campbell (and other Campbell titles)
by Benedict de Spinoza
Maxims and Reflections
by Johann Wolfgang van Goethe
The Works of Jiddu Krishnamurti (whom Polly notes was “one of his more important influences”)
The Way of Chuang-Tzu
The Book of Five Rings
by Miyamoto Musashi
The Works of Alan Watts
The Analects of Confucius
Art of War
Bushido: The Soul of the Samurai
Siddhartha by Herman Hesse (and many other Hesse titles)
by Christmas Humphreys (and dozens of other Buddhism-related titles)
The Chinese Classics
compiled by James Legge (all 5 volumes)
by Robert Linssen (and many other Zen-related titles)
On Fencing by
Aldo Nadi (plus at least 60(!) other books on fencing and fencing theory)
Aikido: The Art of Self-Defense by Koichi
by Mas Oyama (and many other Oyama titles)
A Beginner’s Book of Gymnastics
by Barry Johnson
by Jack Dempsey
Book of Boxing and Bodybuilding
by Rocky Marciano
How to Box
by Joe Louis
US Army Boxing Manual
Efficiency of Human Movement
by Marion Ruth Broer
Physiology of Exercise
by Laurence Morehouse
by James Lee
Acupuncture: The Ancient Chinese Art of Healing by
Esquire’s The Art of Keeping Fit
Combat Training of the Individual Soldier
by the US Army
Modern Bodybuilding by Oscar
The Amazing Results of Positive Thinking
by Norman Vincent Peale (and many other Peale titles)
Think and Grow Rich
by Napoleon Hill
by Melvin Powers
The Magic of Thinking Big
by David Schwartz
As a Man Thinketh
by James Allen
The Success System That Never Fails
by Clement Stone
How to Win Friends and Influence People
by Dale Carnegie
How I Raised Myself From Failure to Success in Selling
by Frank Bettger
Elements of Style
by Strunk and White
Playboy’s Party Jokes & More Playboy’s Party Jokes
The Red Badge of Courage
by Stephen Crane (one of the few novels)
The Screwtape Letters
by CS Lewis
The Story of Civilization
by Will Durant (all 11 volumes!)
The Viking Book of Aphorisms
Gene LeBell is truly a Judo legend. In 2000, the United States Ju-Jitsu Federation (USJJF) promoted him to 9th Dan in jujitsu and taihojutsu. On August 7, 2004, the World Martial Arts Masters
Association promoted LeBell to 10th Degree and in February 2005, he was promoted to 9th Dan in Traditional Judo by the USJJF
LeBell has worked on over 1,000 films, TV shows and commercials as a stuntman or as an actor (including multiple appearances as himself.) LeBell appeared in three Elvis Presley movies as a minor
character who starts a fight with the character played by Presley. In addition he also worked on the set of the Green Hornet TV show, in which he claims to have developed a friendship with Bruce
Lee. According to Lebell’s claim, Lee was especially interested in exploring grappling with help from him and exchanged ideas on various fighting techniques.
I met Bruce Lee for the first time during the filming of the TV show The Green Hornet, on which he played a butler. He was a nice fellow. The stunt coordinator hired me, and I worked on quite a
few episodes. During that time, I was able to get to know Bruce a little bit, and we even worked out together. He was the best martial artist of his time.
Bruce and I had a bond with the martial arts, and we would get together frequently. We worked out about 10 to 12 times at his place in Los Angeles’ Chinatown and at my place. When
I went to his place, he showed me what he did, and I showed him what I did. Although he seemed to love the finishing holds of grappling, it just wasn’t commercially attractive at the time.
Actually, it was because of my grappling and tumbling background that I was hired to do the television show — because I could take falls for Bruce.
Bruce Lee was an entertaining fellow who was very knowledgeable and very good at what he did. People may wonder just how good a martial artist he was. Well, as I said earlier, he was the best of
his time. Also, many of his former students are doing very well today. That’s a sign that he was a good martial artist and that he was able to make his students into good martial artists.
Bruce developed and performed his own style of kung fu, and a lot of the traditional guys didn’t like it because it broke from Chinese tradition. I know what that is like because I had the same
trouble when I tried to improve different martial arts by changing things for the better. I believe that anytime you can have an open mind and learn something new, then add it to your repertoire,
it’s a good thing. It will only make you and your students more knowledgeable.
For Reading by LeBell
The Handbook of Judo: An Illustrated Step-by-Step Guide to Winning Sport Judo
by Gene LeBell and Lauri C. Coughran. 1962, 1963, 1969, 1971, 1975, 1996.
Your Personal Handbook of Self-defense
by Gene LeBell. 1964, 1976.
Judo and Self-defense for the Young Adult
by Gene LeBell. 1971.
Pro-Wrestling Finishing Holds
by "Judo" Gene LeBell. 1985, 1990.
Grappling Master: Combat for Street Defense and Competition
by Gene LeBell. 1992.
Gene LeBell's Handbook of Self-Defense by Gene LeBell. 1996.
Gene LeBell - The Grappling Club Master
by Gene LeBell, Ben Springer, and Steve Kim. 1999.
Grappling and Self-Defense for the Young Adult
by Gene LeBell and Bob Ryder. 2002.
How to Break Into Pro Wrestling: "Judo" Gene LeBell's Insider Guide to the Biz
by Gene Lebell and Mark Jacobs. 2003.
Gene LeBell's Grappling World: The Encyclopedia of Finishing Holds
by Gene LeBell. 1998, 2000(2nd expanded edition), 2005(3rd edition).
The Godfather of Grappling
(authorised biography of LeBell) by "Judo" Gene LeBell, Bob Calhoun, George Foon, and Noelle Kim. 2005.
Little Unicorn ♂
Born: 1946- Died: March 31st, 1987
was a Hong Kongactor, stuntman and one
of Bruce Lee's best friends since childhood. He acted in many films during childhood including The Birth of Mankind (1946)
in which Bruce Lee starred
Unicorn Chan (1st Aug 1938 – 31st Mar 1987) also known as Little Unicorn and Siu Kee-Lun whose real name was actually Chan Yuen-Chung. Having worked in the HK film industry for more than 3
decades, Unicorn had played in a total of 111 HK films (excluding 6-7 uncredited movies made overseas and a dozen TV series made in the 70s and 80s). Unicorn was also credited as an action
director for 8 films.
Perhaps, Unicorn was better known as Bruce Lee's best friend in HK. They have known each other since childhood. Both of them were often cast as juvenile delinquents in HK Cantonese films during
the 50s. In 1959, when Bruce pursued his studies in the U.S., Unicorn continued his movie career in HK. He often played minor and supporting roles, usually as villainous sidekicks or hoodlums.
When Bruce returned to HK in 1971 to revive his career, which would make him a martial arts icon later, Unicorn was often given film roles or jobs in Bruce's projects. When Bruce passed away on
20th July 1973, Unicorn Chan was one of the pallbearers at Bruce Lee's HK funeral.
Birth of The Unicorn
Unicorn was born in 1938 (the year of the tiger) to an opera group family in Canton. His father, Choi Fai-Lam (real name: Chan Fai-Lam; 1910-1965) was also a well-known Cantonese opera comedian
just like Bruce Lee’s father, Lee Hoi Chuen（18th Feb 1902 - 8th Feb 1965）. In fact, they were very good friends and the two family had a very close relationship. According to the HK film archive
record, Both Lee and Choi had acted in 2 Cantonese opera films together, i.e. “Bloodshed In The Chu Palace”(1952) and “Martyrs of Ming (1957), while Unicorn got to play in his father last film
“The Skelton Under The Sea (Part 2)”in 1965.
Due to poverty, the Chan family sent Unicorn to an opera group to learn opera cum martial arts skills at a young age of 5. His Sifu, Sun Hwa taught Unicorn the Northern Style martial arts and
various somersaults skills. At the age of 7, Unicorn began to perform on stage together with his elder brother, Chan Yam-Lun (1935 – 1963), a martial arts opera actor who was 3 years older than
1. “The Tough Life of Little Unicorn” -- Sin Min Daily dated 11th Apr 1987
2. “Nancy Sit Ka-Yin’s Immeasurable Good Deeds Towards Little Unicorn” Sin Min Daily dated 18th Apr 1987
3. “Lau Yat-Fan Column: Little Unicorn Told Ghost Tales Before Death” – New Life Press dated 8th Apr 1987
4. “Refused To Heed Ghost King’s Advice, Little Unicorn Died 20 years Later Tragically” – New Life Press dated 8th Apr 1987
5. “Unfortunate In Movie, Lucky In Love; Little Unicorn Married A Good Filipina” – New Life Press dated 11th Apr 1987
6. “How Little Unicorn Make A Living In The Movie Industry? Who Was The Lady Behind His Back?” – New Life Press dated 18th Apr 1987
7. “Bruce Lee, Jeet Kune-Do and Siu Kee Lun” – Bruce Lee Daily Dot Com
8. “Bruce Lee & Little Unicorn” -- 70s HK Bruce Lee JKD Club Chinese Magazine
9. “Little Unicorn’s Filmography” – HK Film Archive & HK Movie Database
10. “The Story of Little Unicorn & Bruce Lee” – Late 80’s Taiwan’s Entertainment Book
It is a traditional Okinawan martial arts weapon consisting of two sticks connected at one end by a short chain or rope. The two sections of the weapon are commonly made out of wood, while the
link is a cord or a metal chain. The nunchaku is most widely used in martial arts such as Okinawan kobudo and karate styles and is used as a training weapon, since it allows the development of
quicker hand movements and improves posture. Modern-day nunchaku can be made from metal, wood, plastic.
The exact origin of nunchaku is unclear. Allegedly adapted by Okinawan farmers from a non-weapon implement for threshing rice, it was not a historically popular weapon because it was ineffective
against the most widely used weapons of that time such as samurai swords and few historical techniques for its use still survive.
"Fist of Fury introduced several elements that became inseparable from Bruce Lee's iconic image. It was the first time he demonstgrated the NUNCHAKU, the weapon the press would refer to
as "Bruce Lee's singing rods of death." BRUCE LEE a life by Matthew Polly P. 348
Karate master who founded the first school for Americanized karate in the United States in 1954. He is
credited with popularizing the fighting style known as American Kenpo Karate.
In 1964, Ed Parker held his first "International Karate Championships" (IKC) in Long Beach,
California, which became the largest Martial Arts tournament in the US for many years. The IKC brought out some of the best martial artists from around the world. It was around this time that Ed
Parker had met and become friends with Bruce Lee. The two had trained together and exchanged ideas on how innovation should be applied to the traditional martial
arts. By Parker's invitation, Bruce Lee was given centre stage at the IKC tournament and provided his first demonstration of skills to the American public, which obtained him the role of
Kato in the "Green Hornet" television series. That role later propelled him to stardom.
He served as one of Elvis Presley's bodyguard during the singer's final years.
Throughout his life, Parker was featured in national and international magazines such as: Time, Strength and Health, Show Business Illustrated, Iron Man,
Black Belt magazine, Karate Illustrated, Inside Kung Fu and others, as well as appearing in newspapers nationwide and articles in the World Encyclopaedia. He authored a
number of books including:
1960, Kenpo Karate: Law of the Fist and the Empty Hand. Delsby Publications ISBN 0-910293-47-3
1963, Secrets of Chinese Karate. Prentice-Hall ISBN 0-13-797845-6
1975, Ed Parker's Guide to the Nunchaku ISBN 0-86568-104-X
1975, Ed Parker's Kenpo Karate Accumulative Journal. International Kenpo Karate Association.
1978, Inside Elvis. Rampart House ISBN 0-89773-000-3
1988, The Woman's Guide to Self Defense
1988, The Zen of Kenpo. Delsby Publications ISBN 0-910293-10-4
1992, Ed Parker's Encyclopedia of Kenpo. Delsby Publications ISBN 0-910293-12-0
Parker, L. (1997). Memories of Ed Parker: Sr. Grandmaster of American Kenpo Karate.
Delsby Publications. ISBN0-910293-14-7.
Year Title Role Notes
1964 The Secret Door
1966 Dimension 5 Sinister Oriental
1967 The Money Jungle Cassidy
1968 The Wrecking Crew
1978 Revenge of the Pink
Panther Mr. Chong Uncredited
1978 Seabo Jimbo
1978 Kill the Golden Goose
1979 Seven Himself
1983 Curse of the Pink Panther
Mr. Chong (final film role)
Year Title Role Notes
1963 The Lucy Show episode Lucy And Viv Learn Karate Himself Named in show, credited as "Judo Student #1"
He was a South Korean master of taekwondo who was widely recognized as the 'Father of American Taekwondo' for introducing this martial art to the
United States of America since arriving in the 1950s.He was ranked 10th.
During the 1960s, Rhee befriended Bruce Lee—a relationship from which they both benefited as martial
artists. Lee taught Rhee an extraordinarily fast punch that is
almost impossible to block. Rhee named this the "Accupunch". Rhee opened his first U.S. based studio in 1962 in Washington,
DC, and over time expanded to 11 studios in the DC Metro
Nobody will bother Jhoon Rhee again. If anybody ever did, that is.
Rhee, a leading proponent of martial arts in the U.S. from the 1970s on, has
died. The longtime resident of the Washington, D.C. area was 86 years old.
Rhee, a Korean immigrant, taught self-defense to America’s power people, with a client list that included presidents (Lyndon Johnson and George H.W. Bush), speakers of the house (Newt Gingrich
and near-miss Bob Livingston), movie icons (Bruce Lee, who Rhee said did not know how to throw a kick before their sessions together) and even a world heavyweight champion: He trained with
Muhammad Ali at the fighter’s Deer Park, Pa., camp beginning in 1975, before his bout with Joe Frazier, dubbed the Thrilla in Manila. Ali said Rhee re-worked his jab into a combination of boxing
and karate techniques, and dubbed the fusion the “Accu-Punch.” Ali claimed he used his new weapon to incapacitate Richard Dunn, the last knockout victim of his career.
Bill Ryusaki was born in Kamuela on the big island of Hawaii. He had total of ten siblings, many of whom, as well as his father are martial arts masters. Bill started training in two types of
karate at the tender age of 8, and later added Kenpo Karate to his arsenal. His teachers would later include William Chow, Bill Chun Sr., and Marino Tiwanak.
Bill Ryusaki moved to mainland US in late 1950's, after college, and trained with Ed Parker, Ed Tabian, and John Leoning, the first Kajukenbo instructor on the mainland, in 1957. (Kajukenbo is a
mixed martial arts from Hawaii, combining Karate, Judo, Jujitsu, kenpo karate, and Chinese Boxing). In 1961, Bill Ryusaki received his black belt in Kajukenbo/Kenpo. Bill Ryusaki incorporated
many moves from Kenpo and Judo into his unique Karate system known as Hawaiian Kenpo Karate.
In the 1970's and 1980's, fighters trained by Bill Ryusaki took many top prizes, among them Sensei Dan Guzman, Sensei Otto Schumann, Benny "The Jet" Urquidez, and Cecil Peoples.
In August, 1998, Wesley Snipes hosted a major awards ceremony in New York City called "Masters of the Martial Arts". This special was televised, and included the best-known and highest-ranked
Martial Artists from around the world. Bill M. Ryusaki received recognition for Karate at this event.
Bill has appeared in numerous films and TV series as an actor and stuntman.
His daughter, Kimberly L. Ryusaki, is also an actress and stuntwoman, and has appeared in various films, including
two of the Star Trek movies.
The Green Hornet was a television series shown on the ABC U.S.
television network. It aired for the 1966–1967 television season and starred Van Williams as both the Green
Hornet and Britt Reid, and Bruce Lee as Kato
Shannon Emery Lee, also known as Shan Shan, is an American singer, actress, producer and entrepreneur. This biography profiles her childhood, family, personal life, career, achievements and
Shannon Emery Lee, also known as Shan Shan, is an American singer, actress, producer and entrepreneur. She is better known as the daughter of the renowned martial arts fighter and film star,
Bruce Lee and his wife Linda Lee. She was four years old when her father died and her mother moved from Hong Kong to the USA. She was brought up in California with her brother Brandon Lee,
who also later died in an accident while shooting for a film. People tried to tell her that acting was not good for the family but Shannon decided to maintain the legacy of her father and
learnt martial arts from her father’s students. She then made her debut into films and television with movies like ‘Enter the Eagles’ and ‘Martial Law’. She endeavours to preserve and promote
the legacy of her father in her capacity as the president of the Bruce Lee Foundation and Bruce Lee Enterprises. She has also hosted shows connected with martial arts and performed as a
singer with pop groups. There have been legal issues with her uncles and cousins over the rights of Bruce Lee’s legacy which she has been able to amicably handle along with her mother. She
was instrumental in founding the Bruce Lee Action Museum in Seattle.
Shannon Lee was born on 19 April 1969 in Los Angeles, California, USA to the famous martial arts expert and film star, Bruce Lee and his wife Linda Lee Cadwell.
She had an elder brother named Brandon Lee. She is the granddaughter of Lee Hoi-Chuen, a renowned Cantonese opera singer. She is of Chinese, German and Swedish
She lived in Hong Kong from 1971 to 1973 with her parents till her father died a sudden death at the age of 32. Her mother moved to the USA after the death of her
husband and lived in Seattle, Washington with her children. Later, she remarried twice but always remained close to Shannon.
Shannon was four years old when her father died and did not fully understand the implications of his death. She was brought up with her brother in Rolling Hills,
California and attended Chadwick School, from where she graduated in 1978. She went on to study voice at the Tulane University in New Orleans, from where she
majored in music in 1991. During her University days she took part in numerous concerts, operas and musical shows.
Her brother Brandon Lee died of gunshot wounds due to an accident while shooting for a movie after which Shannon moved to Los Angeles in 1993 to pursue a career in
acting. She was then 27 years old and wanted to carry on with the legacy of her father. She learnt the martial art called ‘Jeet Kune Do’ from Richard Bustillo, who
was her father’s student and further improved her martial arts skills with serious training under another of her father’s pupil named Ten Wong.
She also learnt ‘Taekwondo’ and ‘Wushu’ under Dung Doa and Eric Chen respectively. Later, she mastered Kickboxing, which she displayed while shooting for her movie
She made her debut in movies playing a small role as a singer in her father’s biopic titled ‘Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story'. This was followed by her appearance in
the movies ‘Cage II’ and ‘High Voltage’ where she had a more significant role.
In 1998, she got a major break with her role in the Hong Kong action movie, ‘Enter the Eagles’, where she appeared with Michael Wong and Anita Yuen. The movie
received positive reviews and her rating received a boost on the Hong Kong movie charts.
Her career on television includes a guest appearance in one of the episodes of ‘Martial Law’ with Sammo Hung in 1998 and an appearance in the telefilm, ‘Epoch’,
which was broadcast on the Sci Fi Channel in 2001. She also hosted the first season of WMAC Masters that features choreographed martial arts fights on television.
Her own training in martial arts gave her the confidence to host the show.
She also sang for the American noise pop band, Medicine’s album titled ‘The Mechanical Forces of Love’ in 2003 and the number ‘I’m in the Mood for Love’ for the
film ‘China Strike Force’. She has made a number of other musical performances during her chequered career.
She was instrumental in establishing The Bruce Lee Foundation in 2002 to promote her father’s legacy. The family’s rights to her father’s franchisee were handed
over to establish the Bruce Lee Enterprises, of which she is the CEO. This is an agency that licenses anything that is linked to the name of Bruce Lee. With her
perseverance, the Foundation raised $ 35 million to build the Bruce Lee Action Museum in Seattle, USA.
Shannon Lee has proved to be a shrewd businesswoman and entrepreneur. There have been numerous challenges in her life which she has fought using her father’s
philosophy to come out an ultimate winner.
Shannon got married to a lawyer named Anthony Keasler in 1994. They have a daughter named Wren Lee Keasler. She is a strong believer in her father’s philosophy of
‘honestly express yourself, be your best self, cultivate yourself and don’t imitate anyone’. She has dedicated her life to carry her father’s name and legacy
There have always been frictions and legal disputes between Shannon and her father’s other siblings and their children over the rights to her father’s legacy.
While she and her mother are based in the USA, the rest of her father’s family are traditionally Chinese. Though the two sides do not communicate much, Shannon has
endeavoured to keep the relationship cordial.
When Bruce Lee died, his legacy was divided as 50% to his wife, Linda Lee and 25 % each to his two children, Shannon and Brandon. This became a bone of contention
with rest of her father’s family who maintained that they were not kept informed.
In 2010, she took the copyright issue to China and accused companies of using Bruce Lee’s name without the authorization of the Bruce Lee Foundation. She also
approached the local authorities of Bruce Lee’s ancestral home to hand over Bruce Lee’s trademark to the Foundation.
Shannon Lee is the president of the Bruce Lee Foundation. She is also the executive producer of the television series ‘The Legend of Bruce Lee’ and the documentary
film, ‘How Bruce Lee Changed the World’ which are based on the life of her father. She is also the CEO of Bruce Lee Family Company and oversees the licensing of
her father’s name and franchise.
Her Cantonese name is Lee Heung Yee and her Mandarin name is Lee Siang Yee.
Saxon, John (Carmine Orrico) /1935-
If you are a martial art lover or familiar with the 1973 movie Enter The Dragon, then you must be familiar with the name, John Saxon. He played the role of Roper in the movie and starred
alongside the legendary Bruce Lee. John Saxon has worked on over 200 projects and has spent 60 years in the movie industry. There are so many interesting things to find out about him like his
martial art skills which today keeps a lot of fans wondering if he is truly a black belt holder, and the women he has married and divorced. Let’s take a look at his professional and private life.
John Saxon’s Bio
John Saxon whose original name from birth is Carmine Orrico was born on August 5, 1935, in Brooklyn, New York in the United States. His
father’s name was Antonio Orrico, and he was a dock worker while his mother’s name was Anna Orrico. By profession, John Saxon is an actor and has worked in western films and horror films. He
schooled at New Utrecht High School, where he studied acting and graduated in 1953.
Married Life – Wives and Son
John has not had a stable married life. He has been married three times and his first marriage was to Mary Ann Saxon between 1967 and 1979. The marriage lasted for 12 years and was blessed
with a son. About eight years after his divorce from his first wife, he got remarried to Elizabeth Saxon in 1987 and they also got divorced in 1992. He then married Gloria Martel on August
29, 2008. Gloria is an actress and is popular for the movie Bring Me The Head Of Lance Henriksen. She is also a licensed
cosmetician/esthetician. Presently, the couple is still going strong but have no child together. So John Saxon’s only child is Antonio Saxon, who also is an actor and was born to him from his
first marriage. Asides from being an actor, John is also a martial artist and is good in Judo and Shotokan karate.
John Saxon signed up with Universal in April 1954 and was there for 18 months before he was featured in his first movie. He starred in Running Wild (1955) where he played a role as a
juvenile delinquent and in 1956, he starred in Unguarded Moment. He played a lot of teenage roles until he landed a lead role in the teen movie Rock, Pretty Baby which later
became a hit and made John popular.
Saxon repeated his role in a show Summer Love which was produced in 1957. At the peak of his career, he was getting 3,000 letters a week from his fans. The positive response from the public and
fans made Universal to reunite Saxon and Sandra Dee in the teen melodrama movie titled, The Restless Years (1958). He went to United Artist and played the lead role in a film about
a juvenile delinquent titled Cry Tough which was produced in 1959.
Henry Wilson who was a talent agent was the one who discovered John and signed him up before taking him to California where he changed his name from Carmine Oricco to John Saxon. He worked
continuously for five years including in supporting roles for films such as Unforgiven (1960) produced by John Huston, the James Stewart comedy Mr Hobbs Takes A Vacation
(1962), among others.
John was a star of the television series The Bold Ones: The New Doctors from 1969 to 1972 season, he played the role of the brilliant surgeon, Theodore Stuart. When the series came to an
end, he took up a role as Roper and starred alongside Bruce Lee and Jim Kelly in the movie Enter the Dragon which was produced in 1973. His more recent films
include The Craving Heart (2006), Trapped Ashes (2006), War Wolves (2009), The Mercy Man (2009) and The
6 Quick Facts About The Martial Artist
John Saxon is good in Judo and Shotokan Karate. He also has a black belt in Karate.
It was his martial arts skills that got him the role he played alongside Bruce Lee in the movie titled Enter the Dragon.
John Saxon started acting as early as when he was 17 years old.
He studied acting alongside famous acting coach, Stella Adler.
His original name is Carmine Orrico before it was changed to John Saxon.
His height is 5 ft 10 in (1.79 m).
John Saxon’s net worth is $1.5 mil
John Saxon and martial arts
John Saxon: He began doing a little Judo around 1957, before Karate was to emerge visibly in Los Angeles. He began training under Sensei Nishiyama, in Shotokan
Karate, and continued until about 1968, just short of Black Belt. During this time when I became very active doing movies abroad as well as in the U.S I also became interested in the Internal
Chinese Martial Arts. By the time 'Enter the Dragon' began I was approaching 38 years old, and had not done any serious Karate training for four years. The only fighting scene of mine not
choreographed by Bruce Lee was the scene in which I mightily dispatched three or was it four 'toughs' on the Golf Course who were demanding I pay my gambling debt; the reason 'Roper' flees to
Hong Kong. That scene was developed in the Producer's offices at Warner Bros. by my Tai Chi Instructor James Wing Woo, and myself. I'd gone there the day before the scene was to be filmed in
Griffith Park to ask Robert Clouse just how he saw doing the scene? I discovered Clouse didn't have a clue. As a result he turned the question to me. I conferred with Jimmy Wing Woo who made
suggestions, which I demonstrated to Clouse and Fred Weintraub for more than an hour with foolish exhuberance: high scissor type kicks and spinning slap type kicks until I left satisfied that I
knew what I was going to do in the scene the next day. But leaving the Office I found I was limping to get to my car. By the time I got home and in the shower, I discovered the back of my right
leg was turning reddish-blue and I must've torn my 'ham-string'. After finishing the filming of the scene the following day, with different angles and innumerable takes, I was 'out of commission'
for a month. Luckily filming in Hong Kong didn't begin until after that
Students and Training Partners of Bruce Lee Seattle
Sue Ann Kay
James Yimm Lee
Daniel Inosanto – Asst Instructor
Daniel Lee – schools first student in 1967
Lew Alcindor “Kareem Abdul Jabar”
Other persons he worked with
Ting Pei, Betty
Betty Ting Pei (1947-)
Betty Ting Pei is Bruce Lee’s last mistress. She was born in 1947. When she was 26 years old, she met Bruce Lee at a movie production company in Hong Kong in 1972.
Bruce Lee’s sudden death was on the July 20, 1973, found in Betty’s home in Hong Kong. Betty said that Lee’s death was a massive blow to her.
Against the greatest movie star’s death, many fans blamed Betty and call her “a bitch”, “a killer” etc. Because Bruce Lee found dead in his mistress home, Lee’s wife Linda said that that was
Betty Ting Pei gave comments in an interview with a newspaper. Betty said that she need to tell the true story of “her side”. She said Bruce Lee died next to her when she was 26 years old. She
was so scared, and no one helped her at that moment. She felt everyone wanted her to die.
Bruce Lee died after complaint of a serious headache, and Betty Ting gave him one of her medicine before the Bruce went to sleep.
After that, Lee died hours later. After the scoop was exposed, Betty has been struggling with rumors. Originally she was a Catholic, however she has converted to Buddhism. After her quiet
Buddhist life, she decided to write a book of Bruce Lee.
Betty said that she still not sure she should do this. She hoped she can stop carrying Bruce Lee’s issue any more as she had for 30 years.
Betty Ting realized the book would reopen her old wounds, however she wanted to write something about herself, so that readers could understand why Bruce Lee loved her.
Betty Ting Pei (1970s Taiwanese actress)
“Forty years has passed and I’m also ready. No matter what, I think it’s time to reveal my story with Bruce Lee to the public. Why? Because I can’t explain these in a few
words, can I? Let alone people’s misunderstanding to me. It’s some common misunderstanding. The most unbearable thing is as you know, when the thing happened, I was only
26 years old. At that time, I’ve been so scared that I didn’t know what to do and there was no one to help me.
Actually, I didn’t have a say on this matter. His family considered me as his friend. Well, they felt it was inappropriate or they didn’t know how to deal with. Mr.
Raymond Chow told me that his family said not to tell anyone that he died in my house. He first expressed his love to me. So, you think how could I say no to him? He was
Nora Miao (1952- )
Nora Miao is a Hong Kong actress and she worked in some Kung-Fu films with Bruce Lee’s movies. Nora Miao was one of Bruce Lee’s go-to-girls.
In movie “The Big Boss”, “Way of the Dragon” and “Fist of Fury”, Nora Miao has acted very important roll. Nora shall be the only woman who stands the most close to Bruce Lee in his works.
Later, Nora Miao partnered with Jackie Chan in his movie “New Fist of Fury” as well. Nora respected Bruce Lee and Lee praised Nora saying that Nora is an open-hearted girl and they respected each
In a Lee’s work “Fist of Fury”, Bruce kissed and hugged Nora After this, it is rumored that Bruce Lee and Nora Miao are lovers, but there is no evidence to prove this issue yet.
After Lee’s death, Nora said that she reacted with disbelief when told of Lee’s death, she refused to believe this news.
She believed this fact only after she had called Mr. Chow Man Wai (Movie Company’s General manager) to confirm the news.
Yellow-and-black tracksuit wikipedia
The yellow-and-black one-piece tracksuit which Lee wore in the film has come to be seen as something of a trademark for the actor, and is paid homage to in numerous other media. In the
Clouse-directed remake, the filmmakers rationalised its presence by including a scene where Billy Lo disguises himself as one of Dr. Land's motorcycle-riding thugs, who all wear striped jumpsuits.
In the warehouse scene, Billy Lo wears a pair of yellow Adidas shoes with black stripes and white shelltoes. Towards the end of the film, Billy wears a pair of yellow Onitsuka Tiger shoes, with black stripes. This was because the real Bruce Lee wore the latter when he was
filming, and the double wore the former in the 1978 version to resemble his shoes.
"My father chose the yellow-and-black tracksuit that he wore in Game of Death to
represent his idea of “the style of no style.” In that movie, he fights on different levels of a pagoda, and on each level he encounters a different master of a specific style and they’re each
wearing a distinct uniform and using distinct weaponry. He wanted to wear something that didn’t signal that he was affiliated with any particular style — he was instead representing himself and
his own style. Up to that point, martial arts films in Asia were high dramas with people flying through the air, and they were very unrealistic. The fights were extremely long and complicated,
and people had magical powers. They were all about fantasy and choreography. My father hated those movies. He wanted the things that he was good at, like speed and power, to be represented in the
Yuen Wah (1950-) Hong Kong stuntman, action film actor, action choreographer and martial artist. He performed all the acrobatic flips
in Bruce Lee's films. Bruce Lee never learned how to do it. Yuen Wah was double stuntman because they had similar body type. Yuen Wah was able to copy Bruce Lee's fighting
(1946 -)/simplified Chinese:
pinyin: Yáng Sī/ ), better known as Bolo Yeung, is a former competitive bodybuilder, martial artist and a martial arts film actor. He is best known for his performances as Bolo in Enter the
Dragon (starring Bruce Lee, 1973) He began his martial arts training at the age of 10.
In his teens Yeung begun studying a variety of styles, favouring Tai Chi and Wing Chun (he would also later study Jeet Kune Do under the instruction of Bruce Lee).
Growing up he took an interest in bodybuilding. In the 1960s he swam from China to Hong Kong 4km through the dirty Dapeng and Shenzhen bays to escape communism. In the early 1960s Yeung
took part in the great exodus to Hong Kong in search of a better life.
Luckily Yeung managed to evade capture, and he soon settled into his new life in Hong Kong as a gym instructor.
Later he became know as Chinese Hercules after becoming Mr. Hong Kong bodybuilding champion. He held the title for ten years 1970-1980). Because of his impressively muscular physique he was
chosen for several bad guy movie roles, produced by Shaw Brothers Studios, such as The Heroic Ones, The Deadly Duo, Angry Guest and others. He left Shaw Brothers in 1971. ???
Yuen Wah (1950-)Born Yung Kai Chi
Wong Jack men (1941-2018)
Wong Jack Man is a Chinese martial artist and teacher. Wong taught classes in T’ai chi ch’uan, Xingyiquan and Northern Shaolin at the Fort
Mason Center in San Francisco. Grandmaster Wong Jack Man retired in 2005. The school is still in existence and is run by his former student, Rick Wing. He was born in Hong Kong.
. He was best known for his controversial duel with Bruce
Lee in 1964.
Wong instructed classes at the Fort Mason Center in San Francisco, and in Oakland, CA, at the First Unitarian Church, for the better part of five
decades before retiring in 2005. Wong Jackman's two top students continue his legacy of teaching. In San Francisco, Ca, Rick Wingteaches classes at a private location. In San Rafael, and San Anselmo in Marin County, CA, Scott Jensen runs the 10,000 Victories School that teaches Wong Jackman's arts. For more information on Wong Jackman's arts and legacy you can read the
"Northern Shaolin Special Report" about the Black Sash graduation ceremony held by Scott Jensen and the 10,000 Victories School. Rick Wing has published a large number of books on the Northern
Shaolin forms taught by Wong Jackman that also contain many articles about the San Francisco martial arts community and its leaders, while Scott Jensen has published several instructional video
programs, all are available on Amazo
According to Linda Lee Cadwell, Bruce Lee's wife, Lee's teaching of Chinese martial arts to white people made him unpopular with Chinese martial artists in San Francisco. Wong contested the notion
that Lee was fighting for the right to teach whites as not all
of his students were Chinese. Wong stated that he requested a
public fight with Lee after Lee had issued an open challenge during a demonstration at a Chinatown theater in which he claimed to be able to defeat any martial artist in San Francisco. Wong stated it was after a mutual acquaintance delivered a note from
Lee inviting him to fight that he showed up at Lee's school to challenge him.
According to author Norman Borine, Wong tried to delay the match and asked for restrictions on techniques such as hitting the face, groin kicks, and eye jabs, and that the two fought no holds barred after Lee
turned down the request. Borine, Norman (December 16, 2002). King Dragon. 1st Books Library. p. 44. ISBN978-0-7596-1387-4.
"The two came out, bowed formally and then began to fight. Wong adopted a classic stance whereas Bruce, who at the time was still using his Wing Chun style, produced a series of straight
punches. Within a minute, Wong's men were trying to stop the fight as Bruce began to warm to his task. James Lee warned them to let the fight continue. A minute later, with Bruce continuing
the attack in earnest, Wong began to backpedal as fast as he could. For an instant, indeed, the scrap threatened to degenerate into a farce as Wong actually turned and ran. But Bruce pounced
on him like a springing leopard and brought him to the floor where he began pounding him into a state of demoralization. "Is that enough?" shouted Bruce, "That's enough!" pleaded his
adversary. Bruce demanded a second reply to his question to make sure that he understood this was the end of the fight."
Lee Jun-fan (Chinese: 李振藩; November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, philosopher and
founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do. Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media, and other martial artists to be
one of the most influential martial artists of all time, and a pop culture icon of the 20th century. He is often credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American
films. Lee was born in Chinatown, San Francisco, on November 27, 1940, to parents from Hong Kong and was raised in Kowloon, Hong Kong, with his family until his late teens. He was
introduced to the film industry by his father and appeared in several films as a child actor. Lee moved to the United States at the age of 18 to receive his higher education, at the
University of Washington, at Seattle and it was during this time that he began teaching martial arts. His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial
arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, sparking a surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. The direction and tone of his films changed and
influenced martial arts and martial arts films in the US, Hong Kong and the rest of the world.
Bruce Lee was born on November 27, 1940, at the Chinese Hospital, in San Francisco's Chinatown. According to the Chinese zodiac, Lee was born in both the hour and the year
of the Dragon, which according to tradition is a strong and fortuitous omen. Bruce's father, Lee Hoi-chuen, (李海泉) was Han Chinese, and his mother, Grace Ho (何愛瑜), was of
half-Chinese and half-Caucasian descent. Grace Ho was the adopted daughter of Ho Kom-tong (Ho Gumtong, 何甘棠) and the half-niece of Sir Robert Ho-tung, both notable Hong
Kong businessmen and philanthropists. There is no proof in any documents that Bruce Lee had a maternal German grandfather as popularly thought, rather his European
ancestry came from an English maternal grandmother. His mother had an English mother and a Chinese father. Bruce was the fourth child of five children: Phoebe Lee (李秋源),
Agnes Lee (李秋鳳), Peter Lee (李忠琛), and Robert Lee (李振輝). Lee and his parents returned to Hong Kong when he was three months old.
However, Lee showed a keen interest in Wing Chun, and continued to train privately with Yip Man and Wong Shun Leung in 1955. Wan Kam Leung, a student of Wong's, witnessed
a sparring bout between Wong and Lee, and noted the speed and precision with which Lee was able to deliver his kicks. Lee continued to train with Wong Shun Leung after
later returning to Hong Kong from America.
After attending Tak Sun School (德信學校) (several blocks from his home at 218 Nathan Road, Kowloon), Lee entered the primary school division of La Salle College at the age of
12. In around 1956, due to poor academic performance (or possibly poor conduct as well), he was transferred to St. Francis Xavier's College (high school) where he would be
mentored by Brother Edward, a teacher and coach of the school boxing team.
The largest influence on Lee's martial arts development was his study of Wing Chun. Lee began training in Wing Chun when he was 16 years old under the Wing Chun teacher
Yip Man in 1957, after losing several fights with rival gang members. Yip's regular classes generally consisted of the forms practice, chi sao (sticking hands) drills,
wooden dummy techniques, and free-sparring. There was no set pattern to the classes. Yip tried to keep his students from fighting in the street gangs of Hong Kong by
encouraging them to fight in organized competitions. After a year into his Wing Chun training, most of Yip Man's other students refused to train with Lee after they
learned of his mixed ancestry, as the Chinese were generally against teaching their martial arts techniques to non-Asians. Lee's sparring partner, Hawkins Cheung states,
"Probably fewer than six people in the whole Wing Chun clan were personally taught, or even partly taught, by Yip Man".
In the spring of 1959, Lee got into another street fight and the police were called. Until his late teens, Lee's street fights became more frequent and included beating
the son of a feared triad family. Eventually, Lee's father decided his son should leave Hong Kong to pursue a safer and healthier life in the United States. His parents
confirmed the police's fear that this time Lee's opponent had an organised crime background, and there was the possibility that a contract was out for his life.
At the age of 18, Lee returned to the United States. After living in San Francisco for several months, he moved to Seattle in 1959, to continue his high school education,
where he also worked for Ruby Chow as a live-in waiter at her restaurant. Chow's husband was a co-worker and friend of Lee's father. Lee's elder brother Peter Lee (李忠琛)
would also join him in Seattle for a short stay before moving on to Minnesota to attend college.
Lee began teaching martial arts in the United States in 1959. He called what he taught Jun Fan Gung Fu (literally Bruce Lee's Kung Fu). It was basically his approach to
Wing Chun. Lee taught friends he met in Seattle, starting with Judo practitioner Jesse Glover, who continued to teach some of Lee's early techniques. Taky Kimura became
Lee's first Assistant Instructor and continued to teach his art and philosophy after Lee's death. Lee opened his first martial arts school, named the Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu
Institute, in Seattle.
Lee's father Lee Hoi-chuen was a famous Cantonese opera star. Because of this, Lee was introduced into films at a very young age and appeared in several films as a child.
Lee had his first role as a baby who was carried onto the stage in the film Golden Gate Girl. By the time he was 18, he had appeared in twenty films. While in the United
States from 1959 to 1964, Lee abandoned thoughts of a film career in favour of pursuing martial arts.
In March 1961, Lee enrolled at the University of Washington, majoring in drama according to a 1999 article in the university's alumni magazine, not in philosophy as stated
by Lee himself and many others. Lee also studied philosophy, psychology, and various other subjects.
Lee dropped out of college in the spring of 1964 and moved to Oakland to live with James Yimm Lee (嚴鏡海). James Lee was twenty years senior to Bruce Lee and a well known
Chinese martial artist in the area. Together, they founded the second Jun Fan martial art studio in Oakland. James Lee was also responsible for introducing Bruce Lee to Ed
Parker, American martial artist, and organizer of the Long Beach International Karate Championships at which Bruce Lee was later "discovered" by Hollywood.
At the invitation of Ed Parker, Lee appeared in the 1964 Long Beach International Karate Championships and performed repetitions of two-finger push-ups (using the thumb
and the index finger of one hand) with feet at approximately a shoulder-width apart. In the same Long Beach event he also performed the "One inch punch." Lee stood
upright, his right foot forward with knees bent slightly, in front of a standing, stationary partner. Lee's right arm was partly extended and his right fist approximately
one inch (2.5 cm) away from the partner's chest. Without retracting his right arm, Lee then forcibly delivered the punch to his partner while largely maintaining his
posture, sending the partner backwards and falling into a chair said to be placed behind the partner to prevent injury, though his partner's momentum soon caused him to
fall to the floor. His volunteer was Bob Baker of Stockton, California. "I told Bruce not to do this type of demonstration again", Baker recalled. "When he punched me that
last time, I had to stay home from work because the pain in my chest was unbearable".
It was at the 1964 championships where Lee first met Taekwondo master Jhoon Goo Rhee. The two developed a friendship – a relationship from which they benefited as martial
artists. Rhee taught Lee the side kick in detail, and Lee taught Rhee the "non-telegraphic" punch.
In Oakland, California in 1964 at Chinatown, Lee had a controversial private match with Wong Jack Man, a direct student of Ma Kin Fung known for his mastery of Xingyiquan,
Northern Shaolin, and T'ai chi ch'uan. According to Lee, the Chinese community issued an ultimatum to him to stop teaching non-Chinese. When he refused to comply, he was
challenged to a combat match with Wong. The arrangement was that if Lee lost, he would have to shut down his school; while if he won, then Lee would be free to teach
Caucasians or anyone else. Wong denied this, stating that he requested to fight Lee after Lee boasted during one of his demonstrations at a Chinatown theatre that he could
beat anyone in San Francisco, and that Wong himself did not discriminate against Caucasians or other non-Chinese. Lee commented, "That paper had all the names of the sifu
from Chinatown, but they don't scare me". Individuals known to have witnessed the match include Cadwell, James Lee (Bruce Lee's associate, no relation), and William Chen,
a teacher of T'ai chi ch'uan. Wong and William Chen stated that the fight lasted an unusually long 20–25 minutes. Wong claims that he had originally expected a serious but
polite bout; however Lee had attacked him very aggressively with intent to kill, straight from the beginning of the bout when he had replied to Wong's traditional
handshake offer by pretending to accept the handshake, but instead turning that hand into a spear aimed at Wong's eyes. Forced to defend his life, he had nonetheless
refrained from striking Lee with killing force when the opportunity presented itself because it could earn him a prison sentence. The fight ended due to Lee's "unusually
winded" condition, as opposed to a decisive blow by either fighter. According to Bruce Lee, Linda Lee Cadwell, and James Yimm Lee however, the fight lasted a mere 3
minutes with a decisive victory for Lee. In Cadwell's account, "The fight ensued, it was a no-holds-barred fight, it took three minutes. Bruce got this guy down to the
ground and said 'Do you give up?' and the man said he gave up". Mental Floss magazine's Jack Rossen said author Rick Wing, a dedicated student of Wong's, presented a
somewhat different account after Wing interviewed Wong and several eyewitnesses to the fight for Showdown in Oakland: The Story Behind the Wong Jack Man – Bruce Lee Fight,
Wing's book on the bout:
However, a martial arts exhibition on Long Beach in 1964 eventually led to the invitation by William Dozier for an audition for a role in the pilot for "Number One Son".
The show never aired, but Lee was invited for the role of the sidekick Kato alongside the title character played by Van Williams in the TV series titled The Green Hornet.
In 1964, at a demonstration in Long Beach, California, Lee had met Karate champion Chuck Norris. In Way of the Dragon Lee introduced Norris to movie-goers as his opponent
in the final death fight at the Colosseum in Rome, today considered one of Lee's most legendary fight scenes and one of the most memorable fight scenes in martial arts
film history. The role was originally offered to American Karate champion Joe Lewis.
At 173 cm (5 ft 8 in) and 64 kg (141 lb), Lee was renowned for his physical fitness and vigor, achieved by using a dedicated fitness regimen to become as strong as
possible. After his match with Wong Jack Man in 1965, Lee changed his approach toward martial arts training. Lee felt that many martial artists of his time did not spend
enough time on physical conditioning. Lee included all elements of total fitness—muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility. He used
traditional bodybuilding techniques to build some muscle mass, not overdone as that could decrease speed or flexibility. At the same time in balance, Lee maintained that
mental and spiritual preparation are fundamental to the success of physical training in martial arts skills. In Tao of Jeet Kune Do he wrote,
The show lasted only one season of 26 episodes, from September 1966 to March 1967. Lee and Williams also appeared as their respective characters in three crossover
episodes of Batman, another William Dozier produced television series.
Lee appeared at the 1967 Long Beach International Karate Championships and performed various demonstrations, including the famous "unstoppable punch" against USKA world
Karate champion Vic Moore. Lee allegedly told Moore that he was going to throw a straight punch to the face, and all he had to do was to try to block it. Lee took several
steps back and asked if Moore was ready. When Moore nodded in affirmation, Lee glided towards him until he was within striking range. He then threw a straight punch
directly at Moore's face, and stopped before impact. In eight attempts, Moore failed to block any of the punches. However, Moore and grandmaster Steve Mohammed claim that
Lee had first told Moore that he was going to throw a straight punch to the body, which Moore blocked. Lee attempted another punch, and Moore blocked it as well. The third
punch, which Lee threw to Moore's face, did not come nearly within striking distance. Moore claims that Lee never successfully struck Moore but Moore was able to strike
Lee after trying on his own; Moore further claims that Bruce Lee said he was the fastest American he's ever seen and that Lee's media crew repeatedly played the one punch
towards Moore's face that did not come within striking range, allegedly in an attempt to preserve Lee's superstar image.
Jeet Kune Do originated in 1967. After filming one season of The Green Hornet, Lee found himself out of work and opened The Jun Fan Institute of Gung Fu. The controversial
match with Wong Jack Man influenced Lee's philosophy about martial arts. Lee concluded that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his
potential using his Wing Chun techniques. He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalistic to be practical in scenarios of chaotic
street fighting. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality, flexibility, speed, and efficiency". He started to use different methods of training
such as weight training for strength, running for endurance, stretching for flexibility, and many others which he constantly adapted, including fencing and basic boxing
techniques. Lee emphasised what he called "the style of no style". This consisted of getting rid of the formalised approach which Lee claimed was indicative of traditional
styles. Lee felt the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was even too restrictive, and eventually evolved into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call Jeet
Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist. It is a term he would later regret, because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote; whereas the idea of
his martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations.
This was followed by guest appearances in three television series: Ironside (1967), Here Come the Brides (1969), and Blondie (1969). At the time, two of Lee's martial arts
students were Hollywood script writer Stirling Silliphant and actor James Coburn.
In 1969, Lee made a brief appearance in the Silliphant-penned film Marlowe where he played a henchman hired to intimidate private detective Philip Marlowe, (played by
James Garner), by smashing up his office with leaping kicks and flashing punches, only to later accidentally jump off a tall building while trying to kick Marlowe off. The
same year he also choreographed fight scenes for The Wrecking Crew starring Dean Martin, Sharon Tate, and featuring Chuck Norris in his first role.
Michael Hunter theorized that Lee died of adrenal crisis brought on by the overuse of cortisone, which Lee had been taking since injuring his back in a 1970 weight lifting
mishap. Dr. Hunter believes that Lee's exceptionally strong "drive and ambition" played a fundamental role in the martial artist's ultimate demise.
There are a number of stories (perhaps apocryphal) surrounding Lee that are still repeated in Hong Kong culture. One is that his early 1970s interview on the TVB show
Enjoy Yourself Tonight cleared the busy streets of Hong Kong as everyone was watching the interview at home.
In 1971, Lee appeared in four episodes of the television series Longstreet, written by Silliphant. Lee played the martial arts instructor of the title character Mike
Longstreet (played by James Franciscus), and important aspects of his martial arts philosophy were written into the script.
According to statements made by Lee, and also by Linda Lee Cadwell after Lee's death, in 1971 Lee pitched a television series of his own tentatively titled The Warrior,
discussions which were also confirmed by Warner Bros.
Producer Fred Weintraub had advised Lee to return to Hong Kong and make a feature film which he could showcase to executives in Hollywood. Not happy with his supporting
roles in the US, Lee returned to Hong Kong. Unaware that The Green Hornet had been played to success in Hong Kong and was unofficially referred to as "The Kato Show", he
was surprised to be recognised on the street as the star of the show. After negotiating with both Shaw Brothers Studio and Golden Harvest, Lee signed a film contract to
star in two films produced by Golden Harvest. Lee played his first leading role in The Big Boss (1971) which proved to be an enormous box office success across Asia and
catapulted him to stardom.
During a December 9, 1971 television interview on The Pierre Berton Show, Lee stated that both Paramount and Warner Brothers wanted him "to be in a modernized type of a
thing, and that they think the Western idea is out, whereas I want to do the Western". According to Cadwell, however, Lee's concept was retooled and renamed Kung Fu, but
Warner Bros. gave Lee no credit. Warner Brothers states that they had for some time been developing an identical concept, created by two writers and producers, Ed Spielman
and Howard Friedlander. According to these sources, the reason Lee was not cast was in part because of his ethnicity, but more so because he had a thick accent. The role
of the Shaolin monk in the Wild West, was eventually awarded to then-non-martial-artist David Carradine. In The Pierre Berton Show interview, Lee stated he understood
Warner Brothers' attitudes towards casting in the series: "They think that business wise it is a risk. I don't blame them. If the situation were reversed, and an American
star were to come to Hong Kong, and I was the man with the money, I would have my own concerns as to whether the acceptance would be there".
He soon followed up with Fist of Fury (1972) which broke the box office records set previously by The Big Boss. Having finished his initial two-year contract, Lee
negotiated a new deal with Golden Harvest. Lee later formed his own company, Concord Production Inc. (協和電影公司), with Chow.
Apart from Game of Death, other future film projects were planned to feature Lee at the time. In 1972, after the success of The Big Boss and Fist of Fury, a third film was
planned by Raymond Chow at Golden Harvest to be directed by Lo Wei, titled Yellow-Faced Tiger. However, at the time, Lee decided to direct and produce his own script for
Way of the Dragon instead.
Lee is best known as a martial artist, but he also studied drama and Asian and Western philosophy while a student at the University of Washington and throughout his life.
He was well-read and had an extensive library dominated by martial arts subjects and philosophical texts. His own books on martial arts and fighting philosophy are known
for their philosophical assertions, both inside and outside of martial arts circles. His eclectic philosophy often mirrored his fighting beliefs, though he was quick to
claim that his martial arts were solely a metaphor for such teachings. He believed that any knowledge ultimately led to self-knowledge, and said that his chosen method of
self-expression was martial arts. His influences include Taoism, Jiddu Krishnamurti, and Buddhism. On the other hand, Lee's philosophy was very much in opposition to the
conservative worldview advocated by Confucianism. John Little states that Lee was an atheist. When asked in 1972 about his religious affiliation, he replied, "none
whatsoever", and when asked if he believed in God, he said, "To be perfectly frank, I really do not."
Bruce Lee personally certified only three instructors: Taky Kimura, James Yimm Lee, and Dan Inosanto. Inosanto holds the 3rd rank (Instructor) directly from Bruce Lee in
Jeet Kune Do, Jun Fan Gung Fu, and Bruce Lee's Tao of Chinese Gung Fu. Taky Kimura holds a 5th rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. James Yimm Lee held a 3rd rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu.
Ted Wong holds 2nd rank in Jeet Kune Do certified directly by Bruce Lee and was later promoted to Instructor under Dan Inosanto, who felt that Bruce would have wanted to
promote him. Other Jeet Kune Do instructors since Lee's death have been certified directly by Dan Inosanto, some with remaining Bruce Lee signed certificates. James Yimm
Lee, a close friend of Lee, certified a few students including Gary Dill who studied Jeet Kune Do under James and received permission via a personal letter from him in
1972 to pass on his learning of Jun Fan Gung Fu to others. Taky Kimura, to date, has certified only one person in Jun Fan Gung Fu: his son Andy Kimura. Dan Inosanto
continued to teach and certify select students in Jeet Kune Do for over 30 years, making it possible for thousands of martial arts practitioners to trace their training
lineage back to Bruce Lee.
Prior to his death, Lee told his then only two living instructors Kimura and Inosanto (James Yimm Lee had died in 1972) to dismantle his schools. Both Taky Kimura and Dan
Inosanto were allowed to teach small classes thereafter, under the guideline "keep the numbers low, but the quality high". Bruce also instructed several World Karate
Champions including Chuck Norris, Joe Lewis, and Mike Stone. Between the three of them, during their training with Bruce, they won every karate championship in the United
States. In Japan, Junichi Okada is a certified Japanese instructor in Jeet Kune Do.
From August to October 1972, Lee began work on his fourth Golden Harvest Film, Game of Death. He began filming some scenes including his fight sequence with 7 ft 2 in (218
cm) American Basketball star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, a former student.
It was made for US$850,000 in 1973 (equivalent to $4 million adjusted for inflation as of 2007). To date, Enter the Dragon has grossed over $200 million worldwide. The
film sparked a brief fad in martial arts, epitomised in songs such as "Kung Fu Fighting" and TV shows like Kung Fu. Robert Clouse, the director of Enter the Dragon and
Golden Harvest revived Lee's unfinished film Game of Death. Lee had shot over 100 minutes of footage, including out-takes, for Game of Death before shooting was stopped to
allow him to work on Enter the Dragon. In addition to Abdul-Jabbar, George Lazenby, Hapkido master Ji Han-Jae and another of Lee's students, Dan Inosanto, were also to
appear in the film, which was to culminate in Lee's character, Hai Tien (clad in the now-famous yellow track suit) taking on a series of different challengers on each
floor as they make their way through a five-level pagoda.
Filming began in Hong Kong in January 1973. One month into the filming, another production company, Starseas Motion Pictures, promoted Bruce Lee as a leading actor in Fist
of Unicorn, although he had merely agreed to choreograph the fight sequences in the film as a favour to his long-time friend Unicorn Chan. Lee planned to sue the
production company, but retained his friendship with Chan.
On May 10, 1973, Lee collapsed during an ADR session for Enter the Dragon at Golden Harvest in Hong Kong. Suffering from seizures and headaches, he was immediately rushed
to Hong Kong Baptist Hospital where doctors diagnosed cerebral edema. They were able to reduce the swelling through the administration of mannitol. The headache and
cerebral edema that occurred in his first collapse were later repeated on the day of his death.
On July 20, 1973, Lee was in Hong Kong, to have dinner with James Bond star George Lazenby, with whom he intended to make a film. According to Lee's wife Linda, Lee met
producer Raymond Chow at 2 p.m. (HKT) at home to discuss the making of the film Game of Death. They worked until 4 p.m. and then drove together to the home of Lee's
colleague Betty Ting Pei, a Taiwanese actress. The three went over the script at Ting's home, and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting. Later Lee complained of a
headache, and Ting gave him an analgesic, Equagesic, which contained both aspirin and the tranquilizer meprobamate. Around 7:30 p.m., he went to lie down for a nap. When
Lee did not come for dinner, producer Raymond Chow came to the apartment, but was unable to wake Lee up. A doctor was summoned, who spent ten minutes attempting to revive
Lee before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital. By the time the ambulance reached the hospital he was dead. He was 32 years old. There was no visible
external injury; however, according to autopsy reports, Lee's brain had swollen considerably, from 1,400 to 1,575 grams (a 13% increase). The autopsy found Equagesic in
However, only a few months after the completion of Enter the Dragon, and six days before its July 26, 1973 release, Lee died. Enter the Dragon would go on to become one of
the year's highest-grossing films and cement Lee as a martial arts legend.
Although Lee had formed a production company with Raymond Chow, a period film was also planned from September–November 1973 with the competing Shaw Brothers Studio, to be
directed by either Chor Yuen or Cheng Kang, and written by Yi Kang and Chang Cheh, titled The Seven Sons of the Jade Dragon. Lee had also worked on several scripts
himself. A tape containing a recording of Lee narrating the basic storyline to a film tentatively titled Southern Fist/Northern Leg exists, showing some similarities with
the canned script for The Silent Flute (Circle of Iron). Another script had the title Green Bamboo Warrior, set in San Francisco, planned to co-star Bolo Yeung and to be
produced by Andrew Vajna who later went on to produce First Blood. Photo shoot costume tests were also organized for some of these planned film projects.
Around the time of Lee's death, numerous rumors appeared in the media. Lee's iconic status and untimely demise fed many wild rumors and theories. These included murder
involving the Triads and a supposed curse on him and his family. Donald Teare, a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard who had overseen over 1,000 autopsies, was
assigned to the Lee case. His conclusion was "death by misadventure" caused by an acute cerebral edema due to a reaction to compounds present in the combination medication
Equagesic. While there was initial speculation that cannabis found in Lee's stomach may have contributed to his death, Teare refuted this, stating that it would "be both
'irresponsible and irrational' to say that [cannabis] might have triggered either the events of Bruce's collapse on May 10 or his death on July 20". Dr. R. R. Lycette, the
clinical pathologist at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, reported at the coroner hearing that the death could not have been caused by cannabis. At the 1975 San Diego Comic-Con
convention, Bruce Lee's friend Chuck Norris attributed his death to a reaction between the muscle-relaxant medication he had been taking since 1968 for a ruptured disc in
his back, and an "antibiotic" he was given for his headache on the night of his death.
In a controversial move, Robert Clouse finished the film using a look-alike and archive footage of Lee from his other films with a new storyline and cast, which was
released in 1978. However, the cobbled-together film contained only fifteen minutes of actual footage of Lee (he had printed many unsuccessful takes) while the rest had a
Lee look-alike, Kim Tai Chung, and Yuen Biao as stunt double. The unused footage Lee had filmed was recovered 22 years later and included in the documentary Bruce Lee: A
On October 15, 2005, Chow stated in an interview that Lee died from an allergic reaction to the tranquilizer meprobamate, the main ingredient in Equagesic, which Chow
described as an ingredient commonly used in painkillers. When the doctors announced Lee's death officially, it was ruled a "death by misadventure". Lee's wife Linda
returned to her hometown of Seattle, and had him buried at lot 276 of Lake View Cemetery in Seattle.
Though Bruce Lee didn't appear in commercials during his lifetime Nokia launched an internet based campaign in 2008 with staged "documentary looking" footage of Bruce Lee
playing ping-pong with his nunchaku and also igniting matches as they are thrown towards him. The videos went viral on YouTube creating a confusion as some people believed
them to be authentic footage.
Bruce Lee was voted as the Greatest Movie Fighter Ever in 2014 by the Houston Boxing Hall Of Fame. The HBHOF is a combat sports voting body composed exclusively of current
and former fighters and Martial Artists.
Bruce Lee Foundation Bruce Lee on IMDb Bruce Lee at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase Bruce Lee at AllMovie Bruce Lee at Rotten Tomatoes Article on Bruce Lee and bodybuilding
"Bruce Lee". Find a Grave. Retrieved January 20, 2016.