Dictionary of Judo Techniques
A - Z
AI-YOTSU (division of grip)
It refers to two players with the same grip, ie. Right against right or left against left.
AIZU (referee’s signal)
ANZEN CHITAI (safety zone)
Same as JOGAI (See JOGAI, JONAI)
Blue belt (2. KYU)
ASHI BARAI (leg sweep)
ASHI GARAMI (entangled leg lock)
ASHI-GURUMA (leg wheel)
ASHI WAZA (foot or leg techniques)
A strike to a weak orv ital point ont he human body
ATEMI-WAZA (striking techniques)
In all, altogether
AYUMI ASHI (naturtal walking style)
BOGYO SHISEI (defensive posture)
Posture used to defend against an opponent’s attacks. Same as JIGOTAI.
(physical) strenght, power, force
A posture in which one is half-sitting
DAKI-AGE (high lift)
DAKIOTOSU (To hug and lift up then throw down)
To hug and lift your opponent, then throw him/her to the mat.
DAKI WAKARE(high lift and separate)
The foot that is forward.
DEASHI BARAI/HARAI (forward foot sweep)
DO JIME ( body scissors)
EBI-GARAMI (lobster entanglement)
Classified by KODOKAN as HADAKAJIME. Also known as Kubi-Jime.
ERI KATSU (“lapel” method resuscitation)
ERI-SEOI-NAGE (Collar Shoulder Throw)
A strangulation technique that uses the lapels of JUDOGI to choke the opponent (
FURINAGE (flip throw)
FUSEGU (to prevent)
To defend against your opponent’s techniques or prevent him from attacking.
Win by defaulf
GANSEKI OTOSHI (rock drop)
Original name of SEOI-NAGE or SEOI-OTOSHI
To entwine: a twisting or curling. Action used when immobilizing the opponent.
‘Keeping under control’ (See KATAME).
The contrary, the opposite, converse
GYAKU JUJI JIME (SHIME) (Reverse cross strangle)
GYAKU TE DORI (Reserve two-hand hold)
Eight, the eight
Naked, bare, free
Feather, spring, jump
HANE-GOSHI (Hip Spring)
HANE-GOSHI-GAESHI (Hip spring counter)
HANE MAKI-KOMI(Springing Wrap-around Throw)
HARA GATAME(Arm-Lock on the Stomach)
HARAI GOSHI(Hip Sweep)
HARAI GOSHI GAESHI (Sweeping Hip Counter)
HARAI MAKI-KOMI (Hip Sweep Wraparound Throw)
HARAI-TSURIKOMI-ASHI(Lift-pull Foot Sweep)
Scissors, a scissor-like action using either the arms or the legs.
HASAMI GAESHI (Fastening Counter)
Original name of KANI BASAMI
HASAMI-JIME (Fastening Choke)
Original name of SODE-GURUMA-JIME
HENKA WAZA (Change technique)
The left, left(direction)
HIDARI ERI DORI
The left side.
Left defensive posture
Left natural posture.
Elbow strikes (in ATEMI WAZA)
HIKKOMI GAESHI(Pulling-down sacrifice throw)
HIKI-OTOSHI (Pull drop)
HIKIWAKE (a draw; a tie)
( NTEST RUIJF COLES Article 8/8)???????????
HIZA-GATAME (Knee lock)
HIZA GURUMA(Kneel Wheel)
Head, main, basic
HON-KESA GATAME (Basic Scarf Hold)
Original name of KESA-GATAME
IPPON (One; a point)
A contest in which victory is decided by a single full point.
IPPON MAKE (Loss by ippon)
Losing a match by having your opponent score an IPPON.
IPPONSHOBU (One Point Match)
IPPON SEOI-NAGE (‘One-armed shoulder throw”)
JIBUN NO TSUKURI
The preparation of a movement by TORI.
Free training, training without direct instruction.
Basic defensive posture
JIGO-TAI (Defensive posture)
High above the head
JUDO in the wide sense
Outside contest area. (See IJF CONTEST RULES, Article 8 b/2)
JUDOGI (“judo uniform”)
JUJI-GATAME (Cross lock)
JUJI-JIME/SHIME (Cross chokes)
Overturning or countering of opponent’s offensive action.
KAESHI WAZA (Counter Techniques)
KAKE (Application, Execution)
KAMI SHIHO GATAME (Upper four-corner hold)
KANI BASAMI (Crab Scissors)
Illegal Competition Technique.A sacrifice. This throw has caused a few
KANSETSU-WAZA (Joint-lock techniques)
Technique of sweeping away the opponent’s legs
KARI-ASHI (Foot sweep)
“Head, “Column”, high
KASHIRA GATAME (Head hold)
Refers to “form only”. Applied in training which requiKres only basic movement without full effect.
KATA GATAME (Shoulder hold)
KATA-GURUMA (Shoulder wheel throw)
KATAHA JIME (Single-wing strangle)
KATA JUJI JIME (Half cross strangle)
KATAMERU (To pin; to hold down)
KATAME-WAZA (Grappling techniques)
KATA-SODE-SEOI-NAGE (Single Sleeve shoulder throw)
This throw is a cross between IPPON SEOI-NAGE and MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE.
A single hand
KATATE-JIME (One-hand strangle)
KAWAZU GAKE (One-leg entanglement drop)
KE-GAESHI (See TOMOE-NAGE)
Seized by both hands
KENSUI-JIME (Hanging strangle)
KERU (To kick)
To use of the ball or outside edge of your foot to strike your opponent.
Control and immobilization of UKE, across his or her body. Classified by the KODOKAN as UDE-HISHIGI HIZA-GATAME.
KESA GATAME (Scarf hold)
KIBISU GAESHI (Heel Trip)
KIKEN GACHI (victory by opponent’s withdrawal)
Forms of Decision
KINSHI WAZA (prohibited techniques)
Rear Falling Method using shock dispersion to avoid injury.
KOSHI (the waist, the hips)
KOSHI –GURUMA (hip wheel)
KOSHI JIME (hip-braced strangle hold)
KOSHI WAZA (hip techniques)
KOSOTO –GAKE (small outer hook)
KO-SOTO GARI (small outer reap)
KO-TSURI GOSHI (small lifting hip throw)
KOUCHIGAKE (minor inner hook)
KO-UCHI GARI (small inner reap)
KOUCHI GAESHI (small inner reaping throw counter)
KOUCHI-GAKE (Minor inner hook)
KO-UCHI MAKIKOMI (small inner wraparound throw)
KUBI-NAGE (neck throw)
KUCHIKI-TAOSHI (one-hand drop)
KUGI-NUKI (See KANI-BASAMI)
KUKI-NAGE (air throw)
KUMI-KATA (engagement positioning)
From ‘kuzureru’, to fall, break
KUZURE-KAMI-SHIHO-GATAME (modified upper four-corner hold)
KUZURE-KESA-GATAME (modified scarf hold)
KUZURE YOKO SHIHO-GATAME
KYOSHI (high kneeling posture)
The front, forward
MAE MAWARI UKEMI (Forward rolling breakfall)
MAE UKEMI (Forward Breakfall)
MAKIKOMU (to wrap)
MAKIKOMI WAZA (wrapping techniques)
Winding in a circle
MAKURA-KESA-GATAME (pillow scarf hold)
MASUTEMI WAZA (rear body-drop throws)
MA-ITTA (“I give up”)
MATE! (From the verb ‘Matsu’, to wait)
MIGI ERI DORI
Right defensive posture.
MIGI KAMAE(right stance)
Right natural posture
Water holder (See YOKO WAKARE)
Lift and Drop. (See DAKI AGE)
Both hands, two handed
MOROTE GARI (Two-handed reap)
MOROTE-SEOI-NAGE (Two-handed shoulder throw)
Chest entanglement (See UDE-GARAMI)
MUNE GATAME (Chest hold)
MUNE-OSHI (Chest push)
NAGE (Throw from the word ‘NAGERU’, to throw.)
Repetitive throwing practice
NAGERU (to throw)
NAGE WAZA (Throwing Techniques)
Common, ordinary, usual
NAMI JUJI SHIME (JIME) (Normal cross strangle)
“Side by side”
NARABI JUJI SHIME
A strangulation technique with the arms crossed.
NE SHISEI (mat posture)
NE-WAZA (Mat Work)
NIDAN-KO-SOTO-GAKE (Two-Step Minor Outer Hook)
A foot technique throw. TORI steps somewhat to the side of UKE’s left foot and puts his/her right foot round the heel as if making a KO-SOTO-GARI attack.
NIDAN-KO-SOTO-GARI (Two-step minor outer reaping)
The type of grip used to hold on UKE’s collar or sleeve.
NIHON SEOI-NAGE (Two-armed shoulder throw)
(See MOROTE SEOI-NAGE)
OBI-GOSHI (Belt Hip Throw)
A hip throw performed with the aid of the belt.
OBI-OTOSHI (Belt Drop)
OBI-TORI-GAESHI (Belt-grab throw)
An informal variation of for the sacrifice known as HIKKOMI GAESHI.
O-GOSHI (Large Hip Throw)
O-GURUMA (Large Wheel)
A short quick step used to cover large distances.
OKURI-ASHI- BARAI/HARAI (Foot Sweep)
OKURI-ERI-JIME (Sliding Collar Strangle)
Pressure (from ‘osaern’ to hold) immunization
OSAEKOMI JIKAN (Hold-down Time)
Referee’s term used to indicate the breaking of immobilization.
OSAEKOMI WAZA (Pinning Techniques)
From “osaeru” to hold, immobilization.
OSAERU (To Hold Down)
OSOTO GAESHI (Large Outer Reaping Throw counter)
OSOTO-GAKE (Major Outer Hook)
OSOTO-GARI (Large Outer Reap)
OSOTO GURUMA (Large Outer Wheel)
OSOTO MAKIKOMI (Large outside wrap-around throw)
OSOTO OTOSHI (Large outer drop)
O-TSURI-GOSHI (Large lifting hip throw)
OUCHI GAESHI (Large inner reaping throw counter)
OUCHI GAKE (Major inner hook).
OUCHI GARI (Large Inner Reap)
Major or large technique requiring a large movement of the body.
OYO WAZA (Applied techniques)
RENRAKU WAZA (Combination Techniques)
RENZOKU-WAZA (Continuous combinations of techniques)
If Simple series of various techniques, one leading into the next.
RITSUREI (Standing bow)
Double leg grab. (See MOROTE GARI))
RYOTE-DORI (Two-hand hold)
If technique is KIME NO KATA. (See also KATAS of JUDO)
RYOTE JIME (Two-hands strangle)
RYOTE SHITA TSUKI (Two-hand downward blow)
RYO-HIZA-GATAME (Double knee-armlock)
Used in reference to ‘figure 4’ action of legs to hold opponent.
SANKAKU-GATAME (Triangular armlock)
SANKAKU JIME (Triangular strangle)
SASAERU (To support; to block)
SASAE-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI (Supporting foot lift-pull throw)
SAYU UCHI (Strike to both sides)
Striking technique in SEIRYOKU ZEN’YO KOKUMIN TAIIKU NO KATA
A kneeling position used in almost every traditional Japanese art including tea music, and martial arts.
SEOI (On the back)
SEOI-NAGE (Shoulder Throw)
SEOI OTOSHI (Shoulder drop)
SEOU (To load something onto your back)
To load your opponent onto your hips or back.
On all sides, in all directions.
SHIHO GATAME (Four Quarters Hold)
Moving on one knee
SHIMERU (To strangle, To choke)
SHIME-WAZA (Coking techniques)
SHIMMEISHO NO WAZA
SHINPAN CHO (Chief of referees)
Individual in charge of referees at a given JUDO competition.
SHIRO TEPU ((White tape)
10x50 cm piece of white tape on the mat (TATAMI) within the area. (See IJF CONTEST RULES)
The trousers of the JUDOGI.
SHIZENTAI (Natural posture)
SHIZEN HONTAI (Basic natural posture)
SODE-GURUMA-JIME (Sleeve wheel strangle)
SODE-TSURI-KOMI-GOSHI (Sleeve lift-pull hip)
SOGO-GACHI (Combined win)
Side falling method using shock dispersion to avoid injury.
A command used by referees in a match meaning “stop movement” or “hold that position” or “freeze”. (See IJF CONTEST RULES, Article 18, and 8/10)
SORE MADE (“Finished!”)
SOTAI RENSHU (Partner practice)
Training with partner. (See also TANDOKU RENSHU).
SOTO-MAKIKOMI (Outer wraparound throw)
SOTO-MOROTE (Outer two hands)
Original name of MOROTE-GARI
SUKASHI (slip, sidestep)
SUKUI NAGE (Scooping throw)
SUMI-GAESHI (Corner throw)
SUMI OTOSHI (Corner drop)
SURIASHI (Slide stepping)
SUTE GEIKO (Throw away , “sacrifice” practice)
SUTEMI-WAZA (Sacrifice throws)
TACHI (Posture, position) ..
TACHIAI (Match, face off, confrontation)
TACHIAI-UDE-HISHIGI-UDE-GATAME (Standing arm armlock)
Original name of UDE-HISHIGI-UDE-GATAME
Standing salutation, standing bow. (See REI)
TACHI SHISEI (Standing posture)
TACHI SHOBU (Standing match)
TACHI WAZA (Standing techniques)
Throwing techniques performed in a standing posture, which include: TE WZA (hand throws) KOSHI WAZA (hip throws) ASHI WAZA (leg throws).
Body. 2.Ready posture
TAIHOJUTSU (Body techniques)
A type of JUJUTSU emphasizing armoured grappling and throwing techniques.
TAI OTOSHI (Body drop)
TAISHO (Emperor Meiji’s third son)
Era of Emperor Yoshihito (1912-26)
TAI SABAKI (Body control)
TAKI-OTOSHI (Waterfall drop)
A sacrifice. A throwing technique in KOSHIKI NO KATA.
TAMA-GURUMA (Sphere wheel)
Special throwing technique of Kyuzo MIFUNE. It is similar to KATA-GURUMA.
The lower abdomen, the center of the body’s KI, or vital energy.
Solo practice, Practice by oneself. Individual exercises in SEIRYOKU ZEN’YO KOKUMIN TAIIKU KATA (See KATAS of JUDO)
TANI OTOSHI (Valley Drop)
- Standing , vertical
TATE SANKAKU-GATAME (Lengthwise triangular holding)
TATE SHIHO-GATAME (Straight four-corner hold)
TANI OTOSHI (Valley drop)
TAWARA GAESHI (“Bag of rice throw”)
TAWARA-JIME (Rice bale lock)
Original name of OKURI-ERI-JIME
TE-GATAME (Hand armlock)
TE-GURUMA (Hand wheel)
Original name of SUKUI-NAGE
A form of competition based on “man to man” or direct elimination procedure.
TE-WAZA (Hand technique)
And old name of OSAEKOMI-WAZA in feudal Japan.
TOBI GOSHI (Jumping hip)
A hip technique throw. This throw was one of Kyuzo MIFUNE’s specialities.
TOKETA (“Hold broken!”)
TOKUI-WAZA (preferral or favourite technique)
Any technique that an individual finds particularly effective and therefore uses frequently.
TOMOE NAGE (Circular throw)
TORI (doer; the thrower)
TSUBAME-GAESHI (Swallow/bird Counter)
TSUGI- ASHI (Shuffle stepping)
Moving with one foot leading, the other following
Thrusting technique in KIME NO KATA.
TSUKKOMI -JIME (Thrusting strangle)
TSUKU (To thrust/strike)
To use your fingers, fists, or elbows to apply sharp strikes to your opponent’s body.
TSUKURI (Positioning; set up)
TSURI GOSHI (Lifting Hip)
Lift-pull action applied to opponent to disturb his/her balance
TSURI-KOMI-ASHI (Propping Drawing Ankle)
See HARAI-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI and SASAE-TSURI-KOMI-ASHI
TSURI-KOMI-GOSHI (Lift-pull hip throw)
TSURIKOMU (To lift and pull)
TSURITE (Collar hand, catching hand)
UCHI KOMI (Repetition training, form practice)
UCHI-MAKIKOMI (Inner wrap-around)
UCHIMATA (Inner thigh reaping throw)
UCHI MATA MAKI KOMI (Inner thigh wrap-around throw)
UCHI MATA GAESHI (Inner thigh reaping throw counter)
UCHI MATA SUKASHI (Inner thigh reaping throw slip)
UDE-GARAMI (Entangled arm lock)
Also known as MUNE-GARAMI.
UDE-GATAME (Arm lock)
(See. UDE HISHIGI UDE GATAME)
UDE HISHIGI ASHI GATAME (Leg lock)
UDE-HISHIGI-BETSU-GATAME (Variation of the armlock)
Original name of UDE-HISHIGI-HIZA-GATAME
UDE HISHIGI HARA GATAME (Stomach lock)
UDE HISHIGI HIZA GATAME (Knee lock)
UDE HISHIGI(lit.Elbow Crush)
UDE HISHIGI JUJI GATAME (Cross lock)
UDE HISHIGI SANKAKU GATAME (Triangular lock)
UDE-HISHIGI-TAI-GATAME (Body armlock)
Original name of UDE-HISHIGI-WAKI-GATAME
UDE HISHIGI UDE GATAME (Arm lock)
UDE HISHIGI WAKI GATAME (Armpit lock)
UKE (“receiver”; The thrown)
UKERU (To receive)
UKI-GATAME (Floating hold)
UKI-GOSHI (Floating hip throw)
UKI OTOSHI (Floating drop)
UKI WAZA (Floating throw)
URA (opposite, reverse)
URA GATAME (back pin)
URA-KESA-GATAME (rear scarf hold)
Original name of KESA-GATAME
URA NAGE (back throw)
Hold from behind
Collar hold from behind
USHIRO GERI (rear kick)
USHIRO GOSHI (back hip throw)
USHIRO-JIME (choke from behind)
USHIRO KESA GATAME (reverse scarf hold)
USHIRO-TSUKI (back blow)
USHIRO UCHI (rear blow)
USHIRO UKEMI (rear breakfall)
UTSURI GOSHI (hip shift)
WAKI GATAME (armpit lock)
WAKI OTOSHI (armpit drop)
WAZARI (“technique exist”; near-ippon)
YAKUSOKUGEIKO (prearranged practice)
This is a form of RANDORI (free practice) which is performed without resistance and in a supple manner. TORI performs his/her techniques of attack with the prearrangement with UKE that there should be no resistance. Both performers benefit; TORI learns to develop his /her attack while UKE gets UKEMI practice and learns to develop a “feel” for defence against the various throwing techniques.
YAMA-ARASHI (mountain storm)
The son of a minor samurai he received some martial art training as a youth. In 1884, he became the nineteenth member of JIGORO KANO’s KODOKAN. After three months he earned his first DAN ranking at KANO’s school. After two years he received his fourth DAN. In 1898, he received sixth DAN. He was a member of the KODOKAN teams that wrestled the Tokyo Police JUJUTSU club in 1883 and 1884. He was an excellent instructor. He spoke very good English and wrote beautiful Japanese. In 1903, he went to the USA where he taught JUDO to President T. Roosevelt. Three years later he left the USA for Japan, he attended an important JUDO conference held in Kyoto. JIGORO KANO awarded him the first 10th DAN after his death on October 26, 1935, although he dated the certificate two days before the death.
YOKO GAKE (side body drop)
YOKO GERI (side kick)
YOKO GURUMA (side wheel)
YOKO OTOSHI (side drop)
YOKO SHIHO GATAME (side-locking four-corner hold)
YOKO SUMI GAESHI(side corner throw)
YOKO SUTEMI WAZA (side sacrifice techniques)
In these techniques TORI sacrifices him/her self by falling to the right or left in the process of throwing the UKE. Throws in YOKO SUTEMI WAZA: UKI WAZA, YOKO OTOSHI, TANI OTOSHI, YOKO GAKE, YOKO GURUMA, YOKO WAKARE, DAKI WAKARE, HANE-MAKIKOMI, SOTO-MAKIKOMI, UCHI-MAKIKOMI,
YOKO-TOMOE-NAGE (side stomach throw)
A sacrifice. It is a (side) variation of TOMOE-NAGE. UKE does not fall backwards but falls sideways across in front of the TORI.
YOKO UKEMI (side breakfall)
Breakfall taken to protect the body when thrown to the side.
YOKO WAKARE (side separation)
A sacrifice This throw is classified as a side sacrifice technique (YOKO SUTEMI WAZA). Break UKE’s balance to his/her front and sacrifice yourself by dropping on your back and left side. Throw him/her across your outstretched body. This technique is used mainly to counter UKI-OTOSHI, O-GOSHI, and SEOI-NAGE. This technique is very similar in principle to two throws in the KOSHIKI NO KATA (See Sec. of KATAS of JUDO) – KURUMA-GAESHI and MIZU-IRE. It is also similar to UCHI-MAKIKOMI and UDE-GAESHI.
. (See REI, RITSUREI)
Forward falling method using shock dispersion injury.
ZENPO KAITEN UKEMI
Forward roll or breakfall.
The trouses of JUDOGI